Second half started and the opposing team took the lead and made it 2-1. All of your thoughts are created from past experiences and so your logical mind is working within your limited belief system.
As I was practicing this in a recent match I was watching, I noticed a horrible feeling within me. It felt horrible and was definitely unwanted. So, I knew straight away that my team was going to lose or draw.
By half-time it was 1-1. My logical mind started to kick in… You may know it with a different name (gut instincts for example), but simply put the emotions that you feel, are always a perfect match to what you are currently attracting.
Because I watch my team play, I am emotionally attached to the game. “they can’t predict the outcome!”.
It was an uncomfortable game and didn’t bring me any joy. If they feel good, good things are coming. I knew before the game started that it wouldn’t. This helps me greatly in my decision making. “your emotions are a load of rubbish!” … Before the game begins I will ask myself…
By asking yourself the question “how will I feel about this?”, you will always get a perfectly aligned response from your emotional guidance system. The end result was a draw, 2-2.
Your emotions are always a perfect reflection of what’s coming.
Is it possible to successfully place a bet and win it using the Law of Attraction? I’ve proved it possible.
In the opening 10 minutes, we scored a goal and were 1-0 up. . I’m not big on betting, but it is entirely possible to bet using your feelings as a judgment call.
If you start removing your attention from the logical mind and stop using your mind to make the decisions, then by relying on your emotions, you will very quickly begin to see that your emotions are always a perfect match to what you’re attracting.
When you remove the logical mind and really listen to what you’re feeling, you will always have access to the most accurate answer, since your feelings are an indication of what you’re moving towards. If they feel bad, bad things are coming.
If you feel good, you’re attracting good things into your life.
If you feel bad, or neutral, then you’re attracting unwanted things into your life.
If I get a distinct feeling of “positiveness” then the game will be a success and will win.
If I feel pretty bad about the game then it will either be a draw or a loss.
If I feel nothing and am completely neutral, then I don’t make a decision.
How does all of this fit in with betting on events?
“How do I feel about this game?”
I’m an avid football (soccer) fan and I always enjoy watching my team play on television. Your logical mind can only make decisions upon what it already knows. I’ve started practicing using my emotions to determine how the game will end up, before the game has even kicked off.
Within each and every one of us is something called an Emotional Guidance System.
Your emotions are your best method of making accurate decisions
Gamers are often drawn to The Bahamas which is popular for great casinos and gambling action. The Atlantis’ expansive 30,000-square-foot area, which includes 78 table games and approximately 1,000 slot machines, has helped earned the Atlantis Casino its reputation as an immaculate gambling palace. So not only can you wage bets during your sunny island vacation, but you will also find many other ways to let your hair down at Caribbean gambling palaces. Along with state-of-the-art slot machines, table games, and other types of gaming fun, Caribbean casinos also offer other nightlife options including dance clubs, discos, and bars. Many of these glamorous gambling establishments are located in the historic city of San Juan, and most require that their patrons dress formally. Although gambling is illegal for residents of The Bahamas, tourists can try their luck at any of the region’s spectacular casinos.
Other islands in the Caribbean that feature dazzling casinos and exciting gambling are the Dominican Republic, Aruba, Curacao, St. All players are allowed to see one of the dealer’s cards, which is dealt face up. The biggest difference between Caribbean stud poker and traditional poker is that instead of playing against other players, you go against the dealer. Since it began in Aruba, the popularity of Caribbean stud poker has grown tremendously in the region and is even played in Las Vegas. Casinos in Puerto Rico are some of the most exciting in the Caribbean region because of their extravagant historical décor, hot gaming, as well as their award-winning restaurants, live entertainment, array of bars and lounges, and much more.
The Crystal Palace Casino is another sizzling casino found in The Bahamas.
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by: Danielle Mitchell
Some popular casinos on the island include the Hyatt Regency Cerromar, Hilton Ponce and Casino, Westin Rio Mar Resort Casino, Ritz Carlton San Juan, which is the first Ritz Carlton casino, and many, many more. During your stay in Puerto Rico, you can enjoy fine dining, exciting nightlife, and spectacular gambling fun all under one roof. While visiting the Caribbean travelers will find a number of glitzy casinos and hotels and resorts with on-site gambling.
The gorgeous island of Puerto Rico is home to about a dozen old-world-style casinos. And finally, no one under the age of 18 is allowed in Caribbean casinos, so schedule other activities for the youngsters before you hit the casinos.
Caribbean Islands Featuring Casinos
This article was posted on February 13, 2006
Casinos in Puerto Rico
The world-famous Atlantis Casino is the largest casino located in the Caribbean. This poker variation started in Aruba in the 1980s, reportedly by some cruise ship directors who were out to make a buck.
Caribbean Stud Poker
. Vincent and St. The Crowne Plaza Golf Resort & Royal Oasis Casino is a luxurious and exciting casino located within a plush hotel that has great choices of various games, slots, and other gambling opportunities.
Compared to many other popular casino card games, Caribbean stud poker has a pretty short history. Maarten, St. The four largest casinos in The Bahamas are the Atlantis Casino on Paradise Island, the Crystal Palace Casino on New Providence Island, and The Crowne Plaza Golf Resort & Royal Oasis Casino and Our Lucaya, both on Grand Bahama Island.
Before heading to the slot machines, there are a few things casino patrons should remember. There are so many choices when it comes to gambling in the Caribbean that you’re sure to find the right island with the perfect casino to fit your style and your ideal vacation. The combination of sugar-sand beaches and tropical island ambiance with all the glamor and excitement of Las Vegas makes for an ideal vacation destination for many travelers. Finally, the newest casino in the Bahamas is Our Lucaya Resort, which offers several gambling options.
Gambling in The Bahamas
The Caribbean region has a lot of hot gaming spots and casinos. Located on the premises of the Wyndham Nassau Resort on Cable Beach, the Crystal Palace Casino has about 700 slot machines and 38 tables for games such as blackjack, craps, roulette, and baccarat. But unlike American and European casinos, the gambling atmosphere in the Caribbean is more relaxed, and most of the island casinos are not open 24 hours a day. First, each island has its own laws and rules when it comes to gambling, so be sure to find out the details about the island you visit. Second, the hours that some casinos are open may vary depending on the season, so find out ahead of time before making your plans. By Puerto Rican law, all casinos have to be located on the property of hotels or resorts. The Atlantis also features several restaurants, outdoor terraces, and gaming lessons for the novice gambler. Caribbean stud poker is a combination of blackjack and poker – the rules of play are similar between the two games
I originally put this list together for a family friend and decided to share it here so other fans of the Club Penguin universe can find similar experiences that are both fun, friendly and safe. If you have any additional favourite games please don’t hesitate to share them in the comment section at the end of the page.
If you are a fan of Club Penguin looking for another fun virtual world to play or a parent seeking information about other safe online games like Club Penguin for your child (or children) then this page will prove to be an invaluable resource.
This flood of games into the market has produced some real great games like Club Penguin but also many poor game experiences and even some fantastic ones that have closed down (such as ToonTown Online and Star86) which can also be frustrating after having invested so much time in a game that you love.
While Club Penguin was one of the first really successful games in this space there has been a huge increase in the number of virtual worlds targeted at tweens over the past few years as companies quickly realise it is a huge (and growing market).
There are many websites and games like Club Penguin that offer a great experience for children, teenagers and even their parents.
Louis City Hospital, then transferred to Barnes Hospital (now Barnes-Jewish Hospital) in St. Louis.
Of a most enlightening nature was Rayford’s adamant refusal of any rectal exams. It seemed that he may have been exposed to homosexual activity (assuming the submissive role in anal intercourse). One of his attending physicians believed that he had been a victim of sexual abuse (a very likely scenario considering Rayford’s socio-economic background). He could also have been “pimped out” against his will by someone who procured males to engage with him. To date, this aspect of his life is unclear.
He had a chlamydia infection (a bacterial venereal disease), clearly indicating he was sexually active. His doctors also uncovered evidence of the herpes simplex virus and the virus responsible for Epstein-Barr. Robert Rayford was not terribly forthcoming with his doctors, partly due to his retardation leaving him mostly uncommunicative, but also because he was embarrassed by something.
AIDS in the United States was isolated in pockets of contagion until the promiscuity (homosexual or otherwise) of the 1970s gave the disease a clear path of propagation in humans. IV drug use, on the rise in the 1970s and early 1980s, also provided another avenue of blood-exchange necessary for the virus to thrive.
This good person also kindly corrected some of the misinformation about Rayford via a personal e-mail and was also kind enough to forward professional papers on the subject. One such paper, in Lymphology from 1973, gives, perhaps, the best clinical synopsis of the case. Another article, entitled Documentation of an AIDS Virus Infection in the United States in 1968 (by the same doctor and others), is also a “must read” for anyone interested in the earlier origins of AIDS in America.
He was admitted with multiple, and strange, symptoms (given his tender age). many cases of AIDS have been autopsied that we didn’t even know had AIDS.”
Gaëtan Dugas fit right in with the gay community of the bath houses. He was blond, voluble, and open. Sex for him was a series of anonymous engagements, many times conducted hastily in bathroom stalls. He took on whatever he felt like. As well as many other men, he was developing what would become known as “The Clone Look”: close-cropped hair, largish but well-groomed mustache, muscle shirts, short shorts. [The quintessential version of “The Clone Look” would be Freddie Mercury (rock band Queen’s lead vocalist who died of AIDS) after about 1981.]
There is an interesting correlation between homosexuality and the airline industry. At least, there is a publicly perceived correlation as it pertains to airline flight attendants.
AIDS now had a face.
“I’m Candy – Fly Me!”
Gaëtan Dugas died in Quebec City, Quebec, Canada, on March 30, 1984, at the age of 31. His cause of death was kidney-failure brought on by his weakened condition from an onslaught of infections and ailments from AIDS.
Homophobia was so great by the late 1950s almost no airlines in the United States would hire men as flight attendants – even Eastern and Pan Am stopped hiring stewards. Stewardesses, however, were very desirable. They were marketed as young, beautiful, and sexually available–this was hardly an acceptable career choice for any he-man. In the same way that the sexual orientation of male nurses was suspect, only “pansies” wanted to be stewards.
The End of Days was seemingly at hand.
In conjunction with Studio 54, other bars for gay men to frequent thrived. Another meeting place was the bath houses still found in many larger cities. Once serving the utilitarian function for neighborhood residents to bathe (considering most homes up until the late 1920s did not have indoor plumbing) these quaint reminders of The Good Old Days were social gathering places for gay men. They were prevalent in New York City and in San Francisco. [Bette Midler, a great favorite among gay men, got her start singing in gay bath houses; her piano player in those days was songwriter/musician Barry Manilow).
Gaëtan Dugas, the narcissistic and embittered flight attendant, alternately feeling morose and spiteful about his condition, was given the code name “Patient Zero”, the source of the AIDS epidemic in North America.
In his wake, one of the unfortunate legacies he left was a renewed homophobia relative to male flight attendants. They became a lightning rod for America’s fear and anger over AIDS and its links with homosexuality. “Patient Zero”, Gaëtan Dugas, was reviled; in death he was even accused of bringing HIV to North America and spreading it around the country.
The music scene was fueled by this gay celebration, none more blatantly than by a vocal group of disco hustlers calling themselves “The Village People”. They dressed in favorite and stereotypical gay icon costumes – a policeman, a construction worker, a cowboy, a gay biker, and a Native American. They were hugely successful for a short time with big sellers “In the Navy” and “YMCA”. More subtly, Donna Summer performed her brand of dance music that was embraced by the gay community as was she.
Noe’s condition stabilized, but then flared up again in 1975 (coincidentally the same year a strange disorder called “slim disease” was reported in Africa for the first time, the beginnings of epidemic AIDS). In addition to the respiratory condition and joint pains he developed motor skill problems and dementia before he died.
By the 1950s, this homophobia was rampant, and in the conservative times of Eisenhower and McCarthyism, men were slowly pushed out of the steward jobs.
The disease it spawned was rechristened, in light of its indiscriminate virology, to Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome or AIDS. That same year that 248 cases of the disease were reported, local health departments in conjunction with the Centers for Disease Control (CDC) in Atlanta began investigating.
Of the 248 cases known before the detection of the virus, interviewing led to the shocking revelation that at least 40 AIDS victims had one thing in common: all had either had sex with a certain male, blond, gregarious Air Canada flight attendant, or they had sex with someone who did. This networking connection was made in 1984, and it was critical – it meant medical and public health officials investigating the source of AIDS might have finally gotten the breakthrough they needed.
Occasionally, medical mysteries initially thought solved are found later to have very different truths at their cores.
Dugas, meanwhile, knew he was sick. He didn’t know exactly what was wrong, but he had developed the skin lesions, associated with “gay cancer”. But one can’t spread cancer, of course, because cancer isn’t contagious. He indiscriminately continued having sex with men as his whims overtook him. His “advantage” was his mobility – as a flight attendant, he might be in any part of the US, Canada, or the world on a moment’s notice. His bitterness about having gay cancer crossed over into his lackadaisical attitude about possibly harming others.
He started out as a hairdresser. Wanting to travel, this French-speaking Canadian learned that flight attendants for Air Canada had to be bi-lingual. He moved to Vancouver and learned English to qualify for the job. He found work as a flight attendant on Air Canada. This career choice allowed him the freedom to move around the world, visiting exotic locales, and meeting many strange men for anonymous sexual encounters. In 1977, he was legally married in Los Angeles, California, in an illegal attempt to gain United States citizenship.
Less Than Zero
Good investigative work requires dogged determination. Running an enigma to ground can take years.
From a front-line perspective
Current scientific research is clear: sometime in the 1930s, a simian form of immunodeficiency virus mutated sufficiently and made the leap across species to become a contagious disease of people.
First denying he was sick, he later willfully and maliciously spread the disease to unsuspecting partners. After having casual sex in a darkened room once, a male interviewee later reported he had turned on a light in the room where Dugas lay naked on a bed. This man spotted the lesions (Kaposi’s sarcoma) that were the classic earmarks of “gay cancer” on Dugas’ chest. When he remarked upon it, Dugas replied sardonically, “It’s gay cancer. Maybe you’ll get it.”
Rayford lived in a brownstone in a poor neighborhood in St. Memory Elvin-Lewis was kind enough to respond to this piece in person.
One such mystery concerned the AIDS epidemic in America. As long as the killer remained comfortably within the gay community not much was done to investigate. As soon as AIDS found its way into the heterosexual population, though, suddenly America’s interest in ferreting out the cause was paramount. Panic stricken virologists and other epidemiologists worked feverishly to isolate the source of this sexually transmitted disease first endemic among homosexual men.
Meanwhile, as a symbolic sign of the coming Armageddon, Studio 54 was forced to close its doors for liquor license violations and tax evasion; entrepreneurs Steve Rubell and his business partner were sentenced to short terms of imprisonment. [Rubell later died of AIDS.]
For one gay man, however, being a steward was all he’d needed to satisfy both his wanderlust and his physical lust.
Because of the baffling nature of his case, doctors preserved several tissue and blood samples for later evaluation. In 1987, eighteen years after his death, molecular biologists at New Orleans’ Tulane University tested specimens of Rayford’s preserved blood and tissues. Their findings were stunning: a virus “closely related or identical to” HIV-1 was detected. Further confirmation testing in 1989 proved Robert Rayford (African-American teenage male of St. Memory Elvin-Lewis, thank you so much for not only your contributions to science but to my humble efforts at disseminating it for general readership. I truly appreciate it.
The term “velvet rope” came into existence then – a red velvet rope (as one might see in a museum keeping patrons at a safe distance from a particularly priceless exhibit) became the literal and symbolic barrier between the plebes on the street and the hipsters within. Each night crowds gathered outside Studio 54’s doors; admission was granted whimsically by a group of door men and many times by Steve Rubell himself.
The hedonism of the 1970s raged unchecked, and by the middle of the decade “gay” culture became pop culture. Gay male partiers in the mid 1970s found an outlet on New York’s Fire Island. Gay men rented time-share space in houses on the island and partied their summers away “in season”.
Dugas may have personally, and directly, been responsible for dozens of AIDS cases (and no telling how many more indirectly), but he did not bring AIDS to the US, nor was he the first confirmed AIDS victim. As noted, several California men and some Haitian immigrants were found later to have succumbed to the disease before Dugas.
Anal scarring also indicated repeated sexual penetration.
This doctor handled, and talked with (though reported as largely uncommunicative), Robert Rayford personally for a period during Rayford’s confinement, and also attended Rayford’s autopsy, confirming the KS diagnosis and noting the preservation of tissue samples that later were shown to carry the variant of the HIV-1 virus.
In America, the results of further research led to the conclusion that Gaëtan Dugas had not been the true “Patient Zero” after all.
The teen seemed stabilized by late 1968 (when he was around 15 years old). He had been transferred to Deaconess Hospital by then, and in March 1969, however, all of his symptoms reappeared and rapidly worsened. His breathing labored; his white blood cell count (as part of routine blood work) was noted to have dropped dramatically. The only thing concurred at the time was that Rayford’s immune system had been somehow compromised. He developed a fever and died either in the late hours of May 15, 1969, or the early hours of May 16 (sources differ). His primary physician recalled, “Eventually his entire body constituted almost one wave of hard lumps and watery swellings.”
This virus, after much international wrangling for recognition of discovery (with a particularly aggressive and bombastic US virologist lobbying for a claim that he had found it first–he did not) was later named Human Immunodeficiency Virus or HIV.
The direct lineage of HIV-1 was traced to two groups of mutations that formed in the primates that carried the simian version. One of the groups was dated to between 1847 and 1907; another subgroup dated to between 1606 and 1871. HIV-2 made the leap most likely between the date range of 1856 and 1922. Thus, it can be seen some prototypical version of the AIDS virus can be dated to the early 17th century.
In the end one can see there is no modern-day “Patient Zero”.
Finally, in 1968, the boy was admitted to St. Kramer was a writer in New York and a part of the gay culture. He, however, decided that merely watching his friends die quietly wasn’t enough.
Larry Kramer was actively and aggressively involved with what was then known as “gay cancer” in the early 1980s when the disease first made its poisonous presence visibly known in the United States as “gay cancer”.
And the real Patient Zero – the HIV-Adam or HIV-Eve – lived and most likely died there, somewhere in the Congo, unknown and unrecognized for the catastrophic role he or she would play in human history.
Instead, about the only thing that can be said of HIV is that its “Ground Zero” location was almost certainly Central Africa.
Running Dugas to ground, however, was pointless. At the time, there were no criminal laws penalizing the willful spread of a known fatal disease (since then, law changes allow charges of attempted and pre-meditated murder to be brought in many states against anyone who is HIV-positive purposefully engaging in unprotected sexual intercourse with an unwitting partner).
A strange disease lurked among the gay denizens and creepers of the bath houses, though. Men began dying of pneumonia and other respiratory illnesses, but only after drastically losing weight and developing horrific skin lesions on their faces, necks, backs, and chests. This disease became known in the gay community as “gay cancer”. It was particularly volatile, and it progressed rapidly. Dugas caught it early, possibly with his first encounter in the New York gay bathhouse on Halloween 1980.
On October 31, 1980 – ominously enough, Halloween night – the French-Canadian gay male steward Gaëtan Dugas visited a gay bathhouse for the first time on a layover in New York City.
Concern for dying gay men was not paramount on America’s mind. As more cases of the mysterious killer emerged, the name was changed from “gay cancer” to “gay-related immune deficiency” (GRID). This, at least, was an open recognition that whatever was causing the disease was compromising a body’s immune system. It didn’t explain, however, the rather esoteric choice of gay men (and soon discovered, IV drug users) by an unintelligent, non-sentient pathogen as victims. It wasn’t until the first heterosexual cases of “gay cancer” emerged that the disease was examined more closely.
The music was disco, the dance beat adapted from gay men and their party scene. The mock S&M dance moves, the sweaty bodies, the throb of the music, the drugs consumed, and the fact that not just anyone could get in heightened its allure.
Gaëtan Dugas was a French-Canadian born February 20, 1953. His life was on a collision course with history. In 1972, Dugas first became sexually active. [He would later claim he had over 2,500 sexual partners in his lifetime, whether all male is unknown. He may have been bisexual.]
The Road to Zero
The discrimination in the labor market meant the United States Supreme Court had to step in and force airlines to hire male flight attendants. This happened in 1971 after nearly 20 years of female-dominated service. Even then, the Court’s decision forcing US airlines to hire men was greeted with derision in the press. It also raised homophobic fears of placing men in such a servile and sexualized role. Somewhere, there was a Patient Zero, the epidemiological well-spring from which this plague spewed forth.
Update note:Dr. The swelling in his legs was bothersome, his genitals and legs were covered in scrofulous skin, and his testicles were severely swollen. He was also emaciated (having lost much weight suddenly), and even though he was an African-American male he was considered “pale”. He also had shortness of breath. His symptoms led his caregivers at Barnes Hospital to conclude that one of his problems was lymphedema (a swelling caused by lymphatic problems). This was only a tiny part of his health issues, however.
Grethe Rask was a Danish surgeon who had traveled to Zaire in 1972 to lend medical aid for the sick there. She returned to Denmark in 1976 and became relentlessly ill. Her symptoms confounded her colleagues. She died in December 1977. Several years later in 1984, it was confirmed through testing she was HIV-positive. During her time in Zaire, it was known she was directly exposed to blood – it is believed this was the source of her infection.
Gateway to the West
He led doctors to believe any of his sexual activities were strictly heterosexual, even claiming at one point to having a girlfriend (who failed to surface at the time). [This female was found some time later and was found to be in perfect health, relative to HIV and AIDS, from which one can only surmise she and Rayford had no intimate sexual intercourse or such activities were rare enough she was not exposed to critical levels by whatever ailed him.]
Tracing backward from Haiti (the source of the US strain in 1966) put the disease firmly in Central Africa. Louis, Missouri) was the earliest confirmed victim of AIDS in North America.
Both his wife and daughter developed an illness that mimicked his symptoms, and they died in 1977. 1952-1953).
Thus, by the late 1940s male flight attendants were not only undesirable, they were suspect as well. Occupying a job with women that devoted itself to customer service, good manners, and fine grooming, the stewards garnered suspicions of being “queer”.
He wrote myriad articles on the subject and penned a stage play, “A Normal Heart”, that did well. In May 2014, this stage play was brought to the small screen. It was presented as a movie on HBO starring Jim Parsons (of “Big Bang Theory” TV fame). The story documented the earliest days of the AIDS epidemic in America told from the perspective of the New York City/Fire Island cohort. It is engaging: it is what TV can do (but usually fails to do except in rare cases like this one).
The very first air flight attendants (in the 1920s) were men. These positions were desirable; the men who did these jobs executed their duties more like up-scale, futuristic train porters and ship stewards than as menials. As with many professions in that era (especially in service jobs such as telephone operators, bank tellers, et al) the sky porters known as “stewards” were exclusively male. World War I saw the shift from male to female telephone operators and bank tellers; with a dearth of male workers during World War II, employers turned to the fairer sex to fill their employment needs in the airline industry, too.
Certainly, the African-American teenager Robert Rayford (who had never been outside the city of his birth) was not Patient Zero, either – somebody had to give it to him in the first place.
Gay men realized the danger. Many made the intuitive leap early that perhaps certain activities, such as anal intercourse, might be transmitting the causative agent. Others flatly refused to believe that their lifestyles might be endangering the health of themselves and of others. They felt it was a perceived backlash against gay men. Higher-profile gay men (many closeted during their lifetimes) and activists within the gay community began dying as well as underground sub-culture members (the “Crisco, leather, and fisting” set).
Gay and straight partiers alike finally found their Valhalla, however, in New York City in a crummy little club in the 1970s called Studio 54. This rat hole was converted into a hot spot known all over the world. Celebrities fell all over themselves to get in and be seen there. Its allure was its faux air of exclusivity. No club before or since carried the cachet of Studio 54. Co-founded and owned by a cabaret-style, (almost a caricature) flamboyantly gay man, Steve Rubell, and a straight-laced heterosexual lawyer, this kitschy club defined hipsters in the Seventies.
The commercial airlines recognized the goldmine presented by hiring female “stewardesses”. Certainly, they were paid less. There was also marketability in women that men did not have – women could be hawked by an airline as possible sex partners for the discriminating male traveler choosing its service over another.
Mr. It was so unusual at the time . .
Without a precise diagnosis, Rayford’s cause of death was attributed to the catch-all vagary “loss of vitality”. Intractable fluid imbalance and lung disease were listed as contributors. An autopsy revealed a surprise – his body carried a very rare cancer called Kaposi’s sarcoma internally (though he had but one external lesion on his right thigh). [Today, this cancer and its lesions are bellwethers of AIDS.]
There is an apocryphal story that Patient Zero was really Patient “O” (as in the 15th letter of the English alphabet, first letter of the word “Omega” for the last letter of the Greek alphabet, ?). Furthermore, it was alleged that a journalist misinterpreted the “O” (for “?”), and instead wrote up his report, referring to the AIDS’ source as “Patient 0″ [“zero”] instead.
Almost any medical professional worth his or her license, whenever a patient dies of a strange ailment, takes the precaution of preserving tissue and blood samples for future research. It is extremely fortunate that some doctors going all the way back to the late 1950s had been so far-sighted. Working backward and re-examining suspicious or otherwise unresolved deaths from contagion globally proved enriching in piecing together the history of AIDS.
Before Robert Rayford in the US, there was a possible case found in a dead Jamaican native named Ardouin Antonio. He came to the US in 1927. He was working as a shipping clerk for a clothier when he died at age 49 on June 28, 1959, in Manhattan. He had developed a very rare kind of pneumonia, seemingly out of the blue. Decades later the doctor who had performed Antonio’s autopsy was asked to re-evaluate the case. Did he think Antonio possibly died of AIDS? “You bet . .
This makes little sense.
Diverting conversations occurred between Rayford and his primary care givers when questioned about his sexual activities. His doctors had not considered homosexuality initially, and all conversations, such as they were, seemed to be taken as referring to female sexual contacts.
Dugas remained unrepentant. He originally denied that whatever disease it was he had could be transmitted sexually. His own words on the subject: “Of course I’m going to have sex. Nobody’s proven to me that you can spread cancer.” His depraved indifference to his sexual partners’ well-being was summarized with “It’s their duty to protect themselves. They know what’s going on out there. They’ve heard about this disease.” The last element of his bitterness was voiced by his wish to take others with him: “I’ve got gay cancer. I’m going to die and so are you.”
Years later, once medical science, and particularly genetics testing, had reached a greater level of technological advance, a revision of the “Patient Zero” findings of 1984 seemed necessary. What was learned by later research was both fascinating and horrific simultaneously. It turned out, HIV had not only been in the world for over a century, but it had been in the United States as early as 1966.
In 1979, before Dugas was infected, a bisexual German concert violinist, Herbert Heinrich, died. In 1989, after testing of medical samples from his body, it was learned he was HIV-positive.
Certainly it was not Gaëtan Dugas (though, like Typhoid Mary over half a century before him, many deaths could be placed squarely on his doorstep).
The airline industry developed glamour. The titillation of a sexy stewardess in uniform, pandering to any business traveler’s ego, was priceless. These were women without boundaries, women who went anywhere, anytime. Therefore, they must be promiscuous. The unspoken possibility of sex with a globe-trotting gal was also alluring. Married women were aggressively discouraged from working as stewardesses. The single women, all within a certain preferred range of body type, height, and attractiveness, were wanton women (in the minds of the average male of the day). Although morbid obesity was not the problem in the 1940s it is today, there were no “big girls” on board.
As early as his 13th year or sooner, he was sexually active. Beginning in 1966, he started having some physical problems that seemed chronic. His legs swelled, and he developed sores on his genitals and body.
As further incentive to not hire men as flight attendants, the death of a gay steward in 1954 became a scandal sufficiently great to lead to a rash of “fag bashings” (both gay men and lesbians were targeted) in Miami, Florida. It was one of the nation’s worst anti-gay outbreaks in history.
The criteria for entry were pure sadism: one night only women might be allowed in; other times, a sloppily dressed man might be sent away while another, looking exactly like that man but “famous”, would be let in. Gay-themed parties were held there often, and casual sex in the bathrooms and the “exclusive” privacy lounge was common among attendees.
Dating America’s exposure to AIDS is irrelevant: AIDS is a global problem. And continuing research has led to many more interesting facts about the spread of HIV.
A year earlier, a Portuguese man known only as Senhor José died under mysterious circumstances. He was treated at the London Hospital for Tropical Diseases to no effect. In later years, examination of preserved tissues verified he died of AIDS; the causative virus, HIV-2 was present, making him the first known confirmed victim. Genetic research on the virus indicated he probably contracted the disease in 1966 in Guinea-Bissau (on the northwest coast of Africa). Three gay men in California and six Haitian immigrants to the United States were later confirmed as AIDS victims from that same year.
By April of 1982, 248 cases of the disease were reported nationwide with many others too afraid or indifferent to see a doctor. A virus was isolated in 1983 by French scientists (as Europeans were also recognizing and treating patients with “gay cancer”, many of whom were decidedly not gay).
But, it doesn’t end there. . It existed as “slim disease”; the condition was universally ignored though many Africans died after mysteriously wasting away. In 1959, about the time the Manhattan Jamaican shipping clerk died of his rare pneumonia, a blood sample from a Congolese man was taken and preserved. Years later, this proved to be HIV-infected. This Congolese man’s fate is unknown (whether he developed full-blown AIDS and died from it or not). Similarly, a preserved lymph-node biopsy specimen taken from a Congolese woman in 1960 later proved to be HIV-positive.
AIDS is what defined the decade of the 1980s, a decade that lived in fear beneath the penumbra of a certain and tortuous death from a highly communicable pathogen. Louis, Missouri. His mother’s name was Constance Rayford, and he had a brother named George. Rayford was described as slender. His retardation left him relatively uncommunicative from shyness.
His first months in the hospital were spent with his doctors cutting back on his water and salt intake, and they wrapped and raised his legs, all to cut down on his tissue’s swelling. Despite this, the inflammation moved up his body and into his lungs. Antibiotics were tried in varying dosages, but Rayford’s condition continued to deteriorate.
The Greek letter “?” always refers to the end of an event or series, not its beginning. Dugas was “Patient Zero”, not “Patient ?” – if the intent was to use such a Greek designation, he would have been named “Patient Alpha” (“?” or “?”) for “the beginning”. It is known that Dugas from the earliest investigations, based on diagrams the CDC (and others) created interlinking sexual contacts among those diagnosed with or dead from the mystery disease, was referred to from the start as Patient Zero (not Omega or “O”).
Dr. Memory Elvin Lewis
Dr. . . Doctors, helpless to find the cause of death for the Noe family, preserved some tissue samples. In 1988, further testing showed Noe, his wife, and his daughter had all been HIV-positive
Molecular research shows the AIDS epidemic of the 1980s stemmed from a viral strain that had entered the US via Haiti about 1966. Other strains have been isolated as well. As in cases like Robert Rayford’s, the disease died with him (though he probably infected others, those people likely did not have access to the sheer number of sexual partners that, for example, Gaëtan Dugas had, and died before spreading it much).
In 1976, a Norwegian sailor, designated with the alias “Arvid Noe”, died; his wife and nine-year-old daughter died the next year of the same wasting disease. In 1961, the 15-year-old Noe had sailed on his first voyage to Africa. He worked a merchant vessel that plied along Africa’s west coast from mid-1961 to mid-1962; during this voyage he was treated for gonorrhea. He sailed again to Africa in 1964, with a port of call in Kenya in eastern Africa. In 1966, Noe started suffering from chronic joint pain and recurrent lung infections. By 1968, he could no longer pass a physical to sail, so he worked as a long-haul truck driver.
The dubious distinction of being America’s “Patient Zero” – the first documented and verifiable case of AIDS in the country – belongs not to Dugas but to a mildly mentally retarded black teenager named Robert Rayford (born ca
Wheel of Fortune $249,703 12/21/2012 South Point. The “Wheel of Fortune” slots may be the hottest slot machines in Vegas, followed by “Money Madness.” Game-on!
If you love playing the slot machines, here are some winning results to remind you that hitting the big one can, and does happen. In Las Vegas, it’s go big or go home! The top five Las Vegas hotel casinos featured in the attached slideshow, lead the way in sophistication, style and excitement.
You can work hard all of your life to amass a fortune. Winning a fortune on a one-dollar slot machine is a pretty awesome notion, however slim the odds.
Wheel of Fortune $0.25 $931,740.44 8/1/2012 Mandalay Bay
Wheel of Fortune $1.00 $1,112,650 7/4/2012 Wynn Las Vegas
Wheel of Fortune $1.00 $1,064,121.24 6/21/2012 Hard Rock Hotel & Casino
Money Madness $2,256,246.45 5/28/2012 The Orleans
Wheel of Fortune $0.25 $412,640.33 5/26/2012 Caesars Palace
In doing so they attempt to make more attractive the team that is getting less action. Of course there is an entire method to the madness on how the opening line is created. Stated another way, they want to create a line that half the people find appealing to bet one way while the other half find it appealing to bet the other way (known as ‘dividing the action’).
Individual books having players who consistently bet with certain tendencies (such as an extreme bias toward favorites or toward a certain popular team like USC)
Oddsmakers at LVSC are professional sports junkies who love what they do and would probably do it for nothing if you asked them, but they do get paid for it.
Why the Line Changes
Power ratings are the oddsmaker’s value of each team and are used as a guide to calculate a “preliminary” pointspread on an upcoming game. If we’ve done that, we’ve done our job.”
Experts working for the individual books having a strong opinion on the game
Once a game’s power rating based pointspread is determined, the oddsmaker will make adjustments to that line after considering each team’s most recent games played and previous games played against that opponent. The last step in the line-making process for each oddsmaker is taking one final look to determine whether or not the line “feels right.” This is where common sense and past experience with how games are bet enters into the picture. For example, the public might have heavy betting interest week after week on a popular college football team such as USC.
Once the opening line is released by LVSC, the individual sportsbooks decide if they want to make any adjustments before offering it to the public. This usually includes having up-to-date power ratings on each team. The power ratings are adjusted after each game a team plays. Seba explained that it all starts with each oddsmaker creating a line on each game based upon their own personal approach.
There is a common misconception that point spreads represent the oddsmakers’ prediction of how many points the favorite will win by.
“The #1 thing for us is to make a line for each game that creates good two-way action. If an oddsmaker comes up with a preliminary line of USC -7, then an adjustment up to -7.5 or -8 would be made in response to the public’s expected USC bias. Of the 4-5 oddsmakers, generally the 2 most respected opinions are weighed more heavily by the Odds Director before he decides on the final line.
For example, if the pointspread on a game is 7 and most of the money is coming in on the underdog (taking the +7), sportsbooks will then move the number down to 6 ½ to try and attract money on the favorite. In our extended interview, Seba explained that there are 4-5 oddsmakers assigned to make lines for each of the major sports (pro & college football and basketball; MLB, NHL, boxing, golf). Mike Seba is a Senior Oddsmaker at LVSC and has been making lines for the last six years. By moving the line, sportsbooks can influence how the public bets on a particular game. Oddsmakers have to determine if any changes are necessary and send out an “adjusted line.”
“The main objective is that our clients get equal action on both sides,” Seba said. “We’re not trying to pick the team that covers the spread, we’re trying to make it a coin flip, a tough decision (for the bettor). Also, adjustments are made after reading each team’s local newspapers to get a sense of what the coaches & players are thinking going into the game.
Oddsmakers can also change the line depending on various event-related factors such as player injuries or weather. Each of these oddsmakers bring unique opinions, strengths and weaknesses to the process. That is not the case at all – their intent is NOT to evenly split the ATS result between the teams; rather, their goal is to attract equal betting action on both sides. Examples of non-game factors that would require an adjustment to a team’s power rating are key player injuries and player trades.
“You either have a passion for it or you don’t,” Seba said.
The opening line is the first line created by the oddsmakers, which is then sent out to sportsbooks.
How the Opening Line Is Made
What Is the Line Trying to Accomplish?
Once betting begins, sportsbooks can adjust the line at any time. People think it’s much more complicated, but it’s not.”
Since the oddsmaker’s ultimate goal is equally dividing the betting action, public perception and betting patterns must be taken into account.
Las Vegas Sports Consultants (LVSC) is the world’s premier oddsmaking company and the most respected authority on making the lines. Obviously, if the line comes out a week ahead of the event (which is the case in football), there is much that could happen during the week leading up to the event that could affect the line.
Moving the line is the oddsmaker’s effort to balance betting action, and often times such moves can have a major impact on a bettor’s decision.
Divided action means the sportsbook is guaranteed a profit on the game because of the fee charged to the bettor (called juice or vig – typically $11 bet to win $10). We do this by drawing from past experiences and applying them to current situations. Reasons for such adjustments include:
The purpose of these adjustments, like all line adjustments, is to more equally divide the betting action.
A round-table discussion among the 4-5 oddsmakers involved in making the line for each sport is then conducted and a consensus line is decided upon by the Odds Director before it is released to the sportsbooks. By necessity their approach is very research-oriented and concise, since with millions of dollars at risk there is little margin for error
For instance, you must say “Ace of Spades”, and not just “Ace” or “Spades”. Every board of Pokeno is arranged in a way such that each horizontal or vertical line forms different Poker hands. He/she wins and plays as the game host in the next round.
? This is another quick and interesting variation to the original game, which could be played if you know the basic concept of Blackjack (beating the dealer’s score to win).
? Distribute the Pokeno boards and give all the players a starting amount (chips) to bet.
? In case no player is ‘out’ at the end of 25 cards, all the bets go to the host/banker, which is you.
? In this version of the game, the dealer/host plays against the other players keeping his board covered until he/she completes his/her five-square sequence.
The Poker Version (18+)
? Shuffle the card deck and place it in front of you.
? Pick one card at a time and announce the rank and suit of each aloud. There are a total of four ways to play this game, each categorized by a different method of scoring.
? Distribute the Pokeno boards and a certain starting amount (chips) among the players except yourself; you are the host-cum-dealer-cum-banker of the game.
? When playing Pokeno like Roulette, each player places his/her bet on a square, which automatically covers other squares in the respective row and column of the Pokeno board.
The Roulette Version (18+)
? If players possess the announced card on their board, they must place a chip over it.
? You are the host of the game, and would draw cards as you announce each of them aloud. Since Pokeno boards are so thoughtfully designed, one cannot play unless he/she buys the original game.
Although the standard game resembles the game of Bingo in many aspects, it can also be played by introducing several variations. You should be very clear while announcing a card to avoid further confusion.
? In case a player’s poker hands weigh less than the dealer’s, they lose; however, if a player’s hand is greater than the dealer’s and other players, he wins and receives all the chips.
Although the standard version is quite easy to understand, you might find the other three a bit tricky in the beginning; however, you would surely get used to them once you’ve played a couple of rounds.
Instructions to Play the Pokeno Board Game
? If any player fails to acquire the five-in-a-row sequence before the dealer, he loses the round and hands over his on-board chips to the winner (not necessarily the dealer) of the round.
The Standard Version
Take a look at the standard Pokeno game rules and its three additional versions.
? The objective of the game is to obtain five squares in a line, either horizontally, vertically, or diagonally.
? Distribute the Pokeno boards among all the players, and give each player 20 chips, except to yourself.
Try This!As a variation to the original game wherein a player needs to get five squares in vertical, diagonal, or horizontal rows, one could introduce four corners (a player needs to get all four corners occupied by chips), or a full card house (full board) to make the game more fun and lasting.. As said above, the game combines the probability factor of Keno and some basic elements from Poker. Enjoy!
? The banker draws one card at a time to a total of 25 cards, and announces each card aloud.
The Blackjack Version (18+)
Pokeno was developed and is marketed by the United States Playing Card Company. ? If the card drawn matches one of the squares in the respective row or column of a player’s board, he/she is ‘out’ and receives a previously determined reward in a certain proportion like 2:1.
? Begin the same way as in the previous version; however, in this version, the game waits till all the players have successfully completed the five-in-a-row formation. The game package consists of 12 game boards with unique card combinations, 200 chips, and a standard deck of 52 cards. The player with the highest poker hand wins.
? Draw and announce cards until one of the players completes the five-in-a-row sequence, and calls out Pokeno
Since horses go in and out of form and also respond to training and equipment changes, any horse that once managed to do what is being asked of it today should be considered a threat especially when the favorite is vulnerable.
Next, look at each one of these racers and see if it has ever won at the distance, on the same surface, and at the same class level or higher.
There is no one single formula for finding good long shot bets, but there are a few clues. If you have the ability to watch the pools and spot inside money it is also helpful to know if the barn is betting that longshot.
But when a longshot does win, somebody cashes tickets on that winner. Now circle each horse that qualifies. Once you have identified horses that have proven they can win at the distance, surface, and level, find out if the horse who is the likely favorite in the race has done the same thing.
What you are trying to find out is if that horse can improve today and also if the favorite is a false favorite. Handicapping horse races for profit and trying to make money betting on races is hard enough without going after those horses who seem so unlikely to win.
It is amazing how many times you will find a race where the favorite has not done what is being asked of it but another horse, going off at long odds, has done it. Figure out why the horse you circled is now a long shot if it has indeed proven itself capable of winning a race such as today’s race. The goal of playing the ponies is to make money, a profit. Now comes the tricky part. This is the single most important clue to finding a good bet on a horse going off at long odds. Before the races, go through the racing form and find every horse that is in the morning line at 10-1 or higher.
While most people would agree, after a few trips to the horse races, that long shot bets are where the money is, however, after losing money trying to win a few, most will agree they are also difficult to hit. Do you ever wonder who had the horse and if it is all the people who just play their lucky number? Does it ever occur to you that someone actually looked at the racing program and picked that horse to win for a reason?
. Is it coming back from a long layoff? Does its form seem to have tapered off?
It does happen sometimes, but before you declare that person a genius, find out if he or she is ahead on his or her bets. So the real secret to making money on longshots is finding a person who can spot a good longshot bet in the racing form or program and then make money from the bet.
Every day, at race tracks all over the world, people are surprised when horses win races even though the horse has done it before under the same conditions
The only women who seem to be interested in poker are either trying to hook up with one of the male players, or she is a certified cheater! Well, that’s not true at all. You will probably get a lecture and the next time you want to play, a hard time. Unfortunately, not as many women are into the game and have become quite exasperated with this addiction.
So, in the name of peace and harmony, here’s a few tips:
If you’re considering having a poker party, then the players should pretty much gone being without female companionship for the evening. Perhaps there is an overriding sexual connotation found in the word poker itself that subconsciously draws them in. You will get virtually no sympathy and future poker party plans will be out the window. The sooner men get this through their heads, the happier we all will be.
In fact if you want your lady friend to care about your gaming skills at all, the only way to bring it up is by buying her something really lavish and then nonchalantly slipping into the conversation that you bought this special gift with your winnings. Telling stories of your poker prowess aren’t going to put you in good steed with your lady, unless of course you use your winnings to buy her something nice.
Throwing a poker party is becoming an incredibly popular game not only here in the United States, but all over the world. No woman that I know of is going to want to spend the rest of her evening with a guy who’s been hanging out in the smoke-filled poker room the entire night.
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How to Throw a Poker Party
by: Morgan Hamilton
This article was posted on August 23, 2006
Never ever admit that you were cleaned out in a game. Let the women have their ladies nights and we will have ourselves a poker party.
Poker is predominantly a man’s game. I don’t know if part of poker’s appeal has to do with the word itself. I don’t know what it is – perhaps a combination of things: from entirely too much testosterone in one place, gorging themselves on way too much pizza and beer, smoking smelly cigars and telling salacious stories, but when the games over its probably a good idea to grab a shower and go to bed. Young guys are amused quite easily and can be painfully immature. There are some outstanding female poker players, it’s just that there’s a lot more guys than gals playing the game. Whatever the appeal, women in general or with the smoke-filled rooms that host the games. Also realize that she will never forget about it.
When all is said and done, some things are just better done on your own, with your own kind