Golf Terminology – Glossary of Golf Terms

In the manner of usage, they are most akin to contemporary wedges.

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Up: This is the distance to the hole from a specific spot.

Aeration: Aeration basically is a golf terminology hinting towards the aeration of soil. Here, players get rotational partners at every 6th hole.

GHIN An acronym for Golf Handicap and Information Network, GHIN is a service by the USGA allowing golfers and golf clubs to access and post information electronically. A-wedge is another name for gap wedge or approach wedge.

Ready Golf: This without any complexities, means when you are ready, hit. But this condition exists under local rule only.

Lateral Water Hazard: It is impossible to drop behind this hazard because it runs alongside the playing area ad not across it. This is called a lunch ball. Even if there is no water, let’s say in a seasonal creek and the ball is dry, it is considered to be a water hazard.

Greensomes: It is basically a 2-person game, a variation of scramble, where the players scramble off the tee.

USGA: This is an abbreviation of United States Golf Association.

Wolf: Wolf is a name for a betting game best played among groups of four players. A golfer holing a shot from off the green, wins by default.

Umbrella or Umbrella Game: For teams of two under a foursome format, this is either a golf game or a side bet. A golfer can take advice from his partner, his caddie, and his partner’s caddie as well. It is played amongst 2, 3 or 4 member teams .When it is played amongst 2 member teams, it called ‘Best Ball’.

Peoria System: A one day handicapping system where majority of golfers are not given actual handicap indexes. Such a player usually bets getting up and down in a couple of strokes.

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Utility Wood: This is a kind of fairway wood, having varied lofts sole or head shape and has some characteristics similar or related to irons.

Wormburner: This is a kind of shot which is unintentional and it just grazes the ground, it has such low trajectory. It is also called the Mulligan.

Double Bogey: A score on an individual hole which is a couple of strokes more than par.

Eagle: When there is a score of a couple of strokes less to par on any individual hole, it is an eagle.

Eclectic: This is a multi-round golf tournament that ends up with one 18-hole score for each player.

Address: When the stance is taken, the club is grounded and the position is taken by the golfer as he or she stands over the ball, it is called that he or she is at address. It can have pebbles, rocks, shells and vegetation on it.

T and F: If it is a T and F tournament, the T and F denote the first letters of the holes on the course. Golf Cart is the term for golf car most widely used in North America.

Derby: It is a tournament having a field of 19 players and is better known as Shoot Out.

Four-Man Cha-Cha-Cha: Four Man cha-cha-cha is a golf tournament format where every member of a team plays his or her golf ball all the way.

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Front Nine: The first nine holes of a golf course are the front nine holes of the golf course. It is used to refer to putts barely making it to the hole, but eventually they do end up the golf ball in the hole.

Handicap Differential: This is numeral used to calculate handicap index.

Cut Shot: A kind of controlled golf shot where a fadeball flight is induced by the golfer.

Hardpan: The areas in rough, fairways, or other areas with an exception of hazards, having hard ground, as a result of compacting of the soil is called hardpan.

Push: Push is the opposite of pull. It is vice versa for a left hander.

Maltby Playability Factor: This is a rating system attempting to rank golf clubs on the criteria that how easy or difficult they are for differently skilled golfers to play. Named after great Harry Vardon, this is one of the most well-known golf grips. This is followed by exchanging of balls and then each of the player takes his second shot at the spot where their contrasting respective ball lies.

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Chunk: This is a kind of shot where the golf club hits the ground before it hits the ball which leads to digging into the turf and it produces a big pit.

String It Out: A tournament format or a betting game, string is best suited when the players have partial handicaps. They follow this by playing out the hole with these balls.

Circle on the Scorecard: This term denotes the custom or the ritual of encircling the birdie score when writing the score on the scorecard.

Threesomes: This might seem unfair, but this is a golf match where one golfer is pitted against a team of two and each side plays a single ball.

Underclub: When such a club is used which is incapable of providing adequate distance for reaching the target, it is called underclub.

Three-Putt Poker: It is a betting game, combining an aspect of poker with the performance of a golfer on the greens.

Bump and Run: Usually played from approximately the same distance you would possibly play a pitch shot, bump and run is an approach shot to the green.

Lie Angle: The angle which is developed between the center of the shaft and the ground line of the club during the time when the club is soled in appropriate playing position, is the lie angle.

Out-of-Bounds: The areas outside a golf course from where no one is permitted to play is termed as out of bound in the glossary of golf terms.

Texas Wedge: When a putter is used to putt off, from the green, it is called a Texas Wedge. That is the line of putt. The winner is decided after this final score.

Slice: Here, interestingly, the ball curves similar to the shape of a banana. It is imperative for a golfer to be considered at his or her address to ensure that the club is grounded..

Stableford: This is a format of the golf tournament where the aim is to achieve the highest score. There are essentially three players in this game. The term signature hole means that there is one hole which is most photogenic and pleasing on the course as decided by the golf course management.

X: When a score cannot be determined, because a play on the hole was not finished, it is called X.

X-Factor: The variation in the amount of the rotation between hips and shoulders is called the X-factor. It then moves to the left of the target before gently turning or rather curving back towards right. It is less than par.

Lone Ranger: Lone ranger is a tournament format where one player in each four is labeled as the lone ranger. This is also a betting game for groups of four.

Arnies: When a golfer makes a par on a hole sans being in the fairway, he wins a side bet. This can be a tournament format or a betting game.

Water Hazard: Any kind of open water source, from lakes to streams to ocean to sea or even drainage ditches on the course are termed as water hazard. It is a one-day handicapping system.

Weekend Hacker: Hacker is a bad golfer and add weekend to it, means weekend hacker, that is a golfer who plays just on weekends, which means he or she does not play or practice enough to increase the level of their game.

Long Iron: These are long-shafted, steep-faced normally numbering from 1 to 4 long distance irons.

Closed Club Face: When the clubface is rotated slightly counterclockwise in the swing path, which can cause the ball to hook, it is called clubface.

Alternate Shot: This is basically a golf competition format, also called the Foursomes. It is also called a tester.

Snake: A betting game which sort of spells doom for that member of the foursome, who has 3-putts just lately.

Honest John: This in golf terms refers to a side bet which puts at stake your prediction powers. The crux of a redan is greens and green complex. So the name odds and evens.

Leading Edge: When you look at the golf club, the edge at the immediate front, which leads in a swing is called a leading edge.

Honors: A player is having honors refers to the player hitting first from the tee box. Another meaning of divot is the chipped off area in the fairway, where the turf existed.

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Double Green: A green big enough that it serves as green for two different cups on the golf course.

Push: Push is a ball flight which starts on the right of the line of the target and retains that direction straight ahead and winds up keeping the target well to the right, for a right-hander.

Trouble: The game in which the ultimate winner is the one who has collected the least number of points at the end of a round because the bad shots are awarded with points. While the golfer is struggling with his shots, it is called bleeding.

Back Nine: As the name suggests, these are last nine holes of an 18-hole golf course. It is a scheduled event.

Collection Area: This is a depression on the side of the green and its position, often merged with the contours of the green leads to the collection of many approach shots.

Hate ‘Em: These are ‘problem holes’, which are hated by golfers and that’s why it is called hate them. The winner here is the one who has the lowest number of putts.

Pro Shop: This is either at the golf course, in the clubhouse where the golfers pay the green fees and golf merchandise is for sale; or a separate entity or to be more specific, business selling only golf merchandise.

Mutt and Jeff: The side bet or golf tournament format where the spotlight is on par-3’s and par-5’s only, is called Mutt and Jeff.

Pitch or Pitch Shot: When a shot is played using a highly lofted club, which is precisely made in a way that it goes a short distance with a high trajectory, it is termed as pitch shot.

Trap: A bunker in other words is called a trap. What’s more, this golfing term was popularized by none other Ben Hogan.

Bail-Out Area: An area designed or meant for serving as the target for shorter or weaker players during the playing of risky shot by stronger players is called bail out area.

Water Hole: When a hole on the golf course features water, which is in a position that it compels the golfer to play over it for the completion of a hole, it is called a water hole.

Heel: The spot where the clubhead is attached to the spot, it is called the heel.

Perimeter Weighting: The distribution of weight in a clubhead, in very uniform manner around the club by adding more weight to the heel, sole and toe.

Three Blind Mice: This refers to a tournament format, where after the scorecards are given, the organizers of the tournament draw three holes at random from the course which has just ended. For example, if there are 18 groups of 4 in a tournament, each hole on the golf course will be the starting hole for all the different groups.

Back Tees: The tees at the extreme rear of a golf course are the back tees.

Caddie: Caddie is the person who carries the golf bag of a player.

Calcutta: Calcutta refers to a kind of a bid or an auction, where golfers stake claims on the golfer or the team they think will win.

Sixes: This another name for Round Robin, a game for groups of four golfers. This leads to low and sometimes slicing shot, which could travel a long distance.

All Square: All square refers to a tied match as a result of the tied scores between the players. In the rule book it is flagstick, but with amateurs, flagstick is better known as pin.

Tombstone: Tombstone is better known by the name of Flags, a tournament format. They have varying lofts, with thin and grooved faces.

Apron: The area which is neatly moved, especially around the putting green and between the putting surface and any kind of undulated ground surrounding the putting green is called apron.

Pitch Mark: This is the same as ball mark.

Cut: Cut in relation to golf means a shot which is a controlled fade or reduction of a field where a tournament is going to be played.

Elevated Green: It denotes a green, which is elevated and therefore, it is higher than the area around it.

Duffer: Simply put, duffer means a bad golfer.

Shoot Out: It is a tournament format which fields 19 players who are eliminated one by one at each hole, till there is one remaining.

Trailing Edge: The part of a golf club which is at the extreme back of its sole.

Ballstriking: Ball striking means the full swing abilities of a golfer. So its like the ball is in jail.

Green: Green is the completion of a golf hole, at the spot of the location of the flagstick and the cup. A stymie was supposed to occur in a condition when another ball was placed straight in the putting line of a golfer’s ball.

Shaft: That part of the club which goes all the way uptill the top of a golf club, into the grip till the clubhead is called a shaft.

Gruesomes: This is more common as a betting game, but also serves as team formats sometimes where there are 2-member teams.

Press (or Pressing the Bet): Simply put, it is a second bet, which commences during a round and runs parallel to the original bet.

Utility Wedge: This is a kind of a lofted wedge which is different from sand wedge or pitching wedge in either loft and sole aspects or both.

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Am-Am: Well, this is for the new or upcoming kids on the block. It is a target for majority of golfers on all holes except par 3s.

Loop: A circuit around the golf course, that is 18 holes, means a loop.

Handicap: It is the numerical representation of a golfer’s skill and ability. A golfer winning the hole is referred to as having won the skin and the value of that skin.

Preferred Lies: Here on certain parts of a golf course, golfers are permitted to get their lies in a better position sans penalty. Starting off with 36 holes, the players then compare their scorecards. Foot wedge, is specifically speaking a condition when a golfer kicks his ball or probably nudges the ball in a slightly convenient position for the next shot.

Provisional Ball: In the circumstances where a golfer believes his or her first ball may be lost or out-of-bounds, the golfer can play another ball, which is the provisional ball.

Eliminator: This is basically a tournament format for teams with 4 members. The player who is labeled as the wolf opts if hole 1 against 3 can be played. Although the purists prefer bunker, some also call it trap.

Ball Retriever: It is a tool, which is by default carried by players who hit their ball in the water a lot of times. Well. The word tract is sometimes used to denote track, but track is the correct word.

Alternate Greens: Just like alternate fairway, when a golf hole has two separate greens, it is termed as alternate greens.

Forecaddie: He is the one who does not carry the golf clubs, instead he keeps a group of players moving by telling them individually where his or her ball is.

Mid Iron: Mid Iron is a vintage counterpart of contemporary 2-iron golf clubs.

Clubhead: A part of the golf club which is attached to the end of the shaft is called the club head.

Bentgrass: This is the favored grass choice in any climate in which it can be grown.

Coring: The method through which golf course is aerated is called coring. The nicknames of these holes is Amen Corner. Here the ball is struck and is played back into the player’s stance.

Golf Club without Real Estate: It refers to a golf club sans a home golf course, having a collection of golfers and friends playing together regularly.

Fade: It is the trajectory of the ball or its flight, on the spot where the golf ball comes off from the face of the club. It is either a match play tournament or betting game.

Course Management: The golfer’s decision-making during a round of golf is called course management.

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Casual Water: Temporary accumulation of water on golf course is termed as casual water.

Committee: It refers to the rules committee or the local committee which lays down the basic rules of golf.

Bail Out: Bail out is playing your ball away from a potential hazard to a safe area

Redan/Redan Hole: Redan hole is one of the most copied golf courses across the globe. The small movements of the clubhead back and forth just before grounding the club to get that right momentum for the right swing is called a waggle.

Warm-Season Grasses: The grasses who thrive and experience maximum growth in warmer weather are called warm season grasses.

Double Cut (or Double Cut Green) Double cut refers to mowing of the green which has been done twice.

Hosel:The particular part of a club head wherein a shaft is fixed and secured is called a hosel.

Taylor Made Golf: This is the world’s most popular and one of the foremost manufacturers of golf equipment. But if there are bad shots or the likes, the points are cut. It also extends to a fair amount of space on both sides of the expected path and does not extend beyond the hole. For cricketers, this is something close to the phrase ‘middle of the bat’.

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Pick Up Sticks: Bag Raid, which is another name for pick up sticks is a game contested by two players. Amongst the common golf terms, ace is real music for the ears for a golfer.

Approach Wedge: Another name for gap wedge, approach wedge is a name for a golf club which has a high loft. If you do not include this in golf terms, then the whole glossary of golf terms is useless.

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Canadian Foursomes: A variation of the original Foursomes, Canadian foursomes is played amongst 2-player teams where players from a single team tee off and the best of the 2 are selected.

Frequency Matching: The process whereby it is ensured that the shaft vibrations of all clubs in a particular set, when struck, match in frequency, is called frequency matching.

Center Cut: This term is used to denote the golf shots which are well struck and which traveled very nicely down the middle.

Driving Range: Just like a shooting range where you practice shooting, driving range is a practice facility found at almost all golf courses.

Approach Course: A golf course having short holes, may be a par 3 distance or shorter and falling short on designated teeing areas is called approach course.

X-Out: In golfing terminology, X-outs or X-out golf balls are those golf balls on which the brand name has been distorted, using the symbol X. It’s basically a long pole with a scoop.

Stroke Play: It is a round of golf where the score is calculated by addition of cumulative total of the strokes which were needed throughout that round.

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Fat (or Fat Shot): A shot where the golfer’s club strikes the ground first and then makes contact with the ball is called Fat or Fat Shot.

Knee Knocker: Knee Knocker refers to a short putt, which somehow, is not at all challenging, but it is also not a ‘Gimme’ at the same time. The first means that around two inches above the level of sand, in a bunker, there is a rim of sod. This basically means that a player is hitting the ball all over the park, in different direction.

Range Rat: A golfer or aspiring golfer who spends most of his time at the driving range and loves to hone his golfing skills is called a range rat.

Sweet Spot: It is the exact and perfect spot on the clubface, where the impact is the best one could have on the ball.

Target Line: This term describes the line from the ball to its target, or just simply, line of play.

Slope Rating: The difficulty of a course for bogey golfers ranging from 55 to 155, in relation to the USGA course rating, is termed as golf slope rating.

Lip: This has two meanings when it comes to golf terms and golf phrases. Those who swear by these golf clubs, say that they provide accuracy and variety when it comes to short shots.

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Nassau: Nassau is a very well-known and most popular name for Best Nines.

Nasties: A side bet for any group of golfers, nasties are won by default by a golfer who holes a shot from off the green. Las Vegas is a betting game played amongst two teams having two members each. It also means the score registered by a golfer for those 18 holes.

Stealies: A type of golf bet, running parallel to the closest to the pin (kp) bet.

Executive Course: A golf course which mainly has par 3 and relatively short par 4 holes is called an executive course..

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Snap Hook: This is another name for quacker.

Five of Clubs: It is a format of a golf tournament, where each golfer is allowed to use just 5 golf clubs.

Baffie: It is the name of a wooden shafted pre-20th century golf club.

Progressive Offset: The quantity or amount of offset which changes from club to club, throughout the sets, especially iron sets, is called progressive offset.

Away: The player whose ball is the farthest from the hole whether in a fairway or a green is called being ‘away’. In reverse scramble it is the opposite, the worst of the tee balls is chosen.

Yank: A shot which severely swerves in the left direction of the target line in connection with a right-handed player is called a yank.

Yellow Ball: Yellow Ball is just a different word for Lone Ranger or Pink Ball or Money Ball.

Green Fee: It is the amount a golf club charges to play on its golf course.

Scotch Foursomes: Most of the time, Scotch Foursomes is just a synonym for Foursomes. It is basically a collection of side bets.

Punch or Punch Shot: A golf shot, that is fashioned to fly lower than normal.

Lunch Ball: When a golfer has not struck the ball according to his satisfaction and has not got the intended result, he or she takes a second attempt. The ball is then played from the spot it is according to the best shot. That one player has the onus to come through for the team, so he or she is called the lone ranger.

Mid Mashie: It is the bygone era golf club counterpart of modern-day 3-irons.

Waste Bunker: Not a hazard under rules of golf, unless specified, a waste bunker refers to a sandy area, normally expansive. It is the distance from the bottom of the grip till the clubhead of the putter.

Topped Shot or Top: Such a shot where the golfer almost swings over the ball and the point of contact between the ball and the club is near the crown of the golf ball.

Best Nines: Very commonly called Nassau, it features front nine, back nine and 18-hole scores as separate tournaments or bets.

Heather: This is an all-inclusive golf terminology for tall and thin grasses skirting the primary rough.

Foursomes: This is another name for alternate shot.

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Rough: The areas marshaling the boundaries of the fairways featuring thick and high grass or natural, unkempt vegetation is called the rough.

Pot (hole) Bunker: This is a type of bunker which is small, but is very deep and has steep faces and is round. The other meaning of lie is the number of strokes consumed by the golfer to get the ball in the position where it is at rest.

Ballmark Tool: This is a two-pronged tool which is used to repair putting green ball marks. This is for a right-handed golfer.

Compression: The rating of the density of a golf ball is called a compression.

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Draw: It is the flight path of the ball where the ball gently curves right to left for a right-hander and vice versa for a left-hander.

Crowned Green: A green which has center higher than its sides, is called the crowned green. Basically it is the name of a golf tournament, rather a tournament within a tournament.

Dimple Pattern: Simply put the pattern of the dimples on the cover of the golf ball is called dimple pattern. This is one of the most basic golf terms.

Moment of Inertia: The golfing terminology used to describe a clubhead’s resistance towards twisting when the ball is hit.

Fort Lauderdale: This is a synonym for the golf format called scramble.

Open Face: The position of the clubface in connection with the target line at the moment of the striking of the ball is called an open face.

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Cart Jockey: They are the caretakers of the course’s fleet of golf carts.

Stimp: When you say the stimp of the green, it refers to the measurement of how fast the greens are, with the help of a stimpmeter.

Grip: The sheath of leather, plastic or rubber on the shaft is termed as grip.

Bounce: The measurement of the angle (in degrees) from the front edge of the sole of a club till the point actually resting on the ground on the spot of address is called bounce.

Bite: When a golfer wants a ball in flight to hit the green and stop, he or she is often heard as shouting ‘bite’.

Mouth Wedge: The golfers who incessantly talk to their opponents in order to disturb their game are termed as using a mouth wedge.

Snowman: A score of 8 on any given individual cup is called snowman in slang because the figure of the digit is similar to the structure of a snowman.

Blades: These are types of Irons with a full smooth back along with a thin top line.

Slice: Slice is the ball trajectory in which the ball bends towards outside, sharply in connection with the swing.

Texas Scramble:Teas scramble is different from original in the sense that it has a condition that at least four drives of every member of a team should be used in the course of a round.

Municipal Course: When a golf course owned by a city has to be indicated, it is called a municipal golf course. A flight or a division comprises golfers with more or less similar golf skills. So for instance a golfer with a handicap of 5 is better than one with a handicap of 20.

Ace: When a ‘hole in one ‘ is scored, or a player has scored 1 on any hole, it is an ‘Ace’. On the other hand, some golfers and golf instructors consider shutting the club face as hooding.

One Club: This is precisely the meaning of the golf tournament. For instance, if a golfer scores one double bogey after playing well, he or she loses all the points and has to start all over again.

Gimmie: A kind of putt, where a player a requests that it be conceded by another player, which then allows the one requesting for that to pick up and move on, as if the putt has been holed.

Contour: It refers to the undulations in a putting green. Hacker is a bit stronger player than a duffer.

Halve or Halved: To indicate that a hole or match is tied, the term halved is used.

Biarritz: When a green has a deep gully cutting or dividing its middle, it is called a biaritz or biaritz green.

Buggy: It helps carry a golfer’s bag of clubs around the course or it is also referred to as a passenger golf cart. It also is a betting game. It is especially meant for groups of three players and the targeted player is selected on the basis of the driving performance.

TPC: Tournament Players Club- (TPC) is a designation given to golf courses and courses with this designation are under the ownership of the PGA tour.

Shotgun Start: This is one of the methods to start off a tournament where all the players tee off at the same time. Evaluation of golf courses for USGA course rating and slope rating depends on this factor considerably.

Dogleg: The direction of the individual golf hole is termed as dogleg.

Bowmaker: A golf tournament format, popular in the United Kingdom, bowmaker involves team members playing their own balls and a specific number of the members of the team score count on every hole.

Bermudagrass: In the tropical and warm climates, this is the most common turf used by courses.

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Match Play: A competition format in which the round is played with the aim of winning individual holes.

Through the Green: Every area of the golf course with the exception of teeing grounds, hazards and greens. In this format, the tombstone term signifies the object placed in the ground on the spot where the golfer’s round comes to an end.

Routing: It refers to the path followed by a golf course from the 1 st tee to its final green.

Shazam: It is a golf bet and an exclusively putting oriented bet at that. These are normally the tees starting from where the course is the longest to play.

Ball Washer: A device normally kept besides tee boxes to clean the golf balls is called a ball washer.

2-Man No Scotch: A golf tournament format, in 2-Man No Scotch, the members of a team tee off. This is for a right-handed golfer.

Kick: Kick is a golfing terminology used interchangeably with golf phrase ‘bounce’, like bouncing ball. His job is to achieve the lowest score as possible on the hole, while the others will try to beat him.

Demo Day: An event usually held at a driving range or a practice facility, where the golfers present get the chance to have a go at golf clubs. Buggy is one of the basic golf terms.

Gross (Gross Score): It is the total number of strokes played in around of golf including penalty strokes.

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Bogey Golfer: A golfer averaging around 90 or a boogie per hole is termed as boogie golfer.

Money Ball: Money Ball is another term for Lone Ranger.

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No Alibis: This refers to a game of mulligans, which can be used from any spot or point on the golf course.

Barkie: This is a side bet won by a golfer making par on a hole where he has hit a tree.

Air Presses: Single hole bets amongst individuals which are put claims on when the ball is in mid air are called air presses.

Fade: It is the trajectory of the ball or its flight, on the spot where the golf ball comes off from the face of the club. Each golfer is allowed to use only a single golf club.

Flight: It is a term which is used for division of golfer’s during a golf tournament. It is primarily a wooden-shafted historical golf club.

Auto Win: In the situation where holes are automatically won by player wanting to achieve either of these three – chip-in from off the green, sticking in an approach in the flagstick from 150 yards or more and any par 3, is an auto win. It is meant to putt or roll the ball on ground.

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Blast: A kind of shot which results in lot of sand flying, along with the ball out of the bunker of a sand trap is called a blast. One plays the other’s drive and vice versa.

The Train: This is a betting game best played in groups where points are given for good shots. These are not counted as hazards according to the golf rules.

Muscleback: Iron with a full back of the clubhead, rather than a cavity back iron is called muscleback.

Selected Score: This is a game of golf or very commonly a bet played over golf holes counting to 36. A golfer is allowed to use putter along with the three chosen golf clubs, but no golf clubs.

Short Side: This makes a reference to the position of the ball in connection to the location or placement of the cup on the green. It is also a side bet.

Hogan’s Alley: A nickname of two golf courses, accompanied by the official name of one of those golf holes associated with Ben Hogan. This format permits golfers without handicap index to participate in golf tournament and contest to win low net prizes or titles.

Even/Even Par: A score which matches par for a round or a hole is called even.

Here are the A to Z of terms used in the game of golf. Frog Hair is a slang term for fringe.

Obstacle Stroke Value: The numerical representation of the gravity and playing ability of obstacles and hazards on a golf course, which is a crucial factor in USGA course and slope rating numbers is called obstacle stroke value.

Odds and Evens: Akin to the golf format Alternate Shot, this format has one player hitting shots on holes which are even and the other on odd holes. According to the USGA, a scratch golfer is defined as – “An amateur player who plays to the standard of the stroke play qualifiers competing in the United States Amateur Championship. In addition to this, a county-owned golf course is also termed as municipal course. A machine leads to removal of plugs from the green,which leaves a hole which ensures that the roots get air and moisture.

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Murphy: It is a kind of bet which can be invoked or initiated by a golfer chipping to the green. The iron one is similar to modern 1 iron and the wooden resembles today’s 4-wood.

Abnormal Ground Conditions: Abnormal ground conditions include ground under repair, casual water, holes made by burrowing animals and so on. In this grip, the little finger (of the hand placed lower on the club) is placed between the index and middle finger of the lead (placed higher on the club). Then add the remaining and the person who has the lowest score is the winner.

Sandbagger: Normally any golfer who tends to pretend how worse he is at golf (which he or she is actually not) and misleads others is called a sandbagger. It is basically the angle where the face of the club is, in relation to a perfectly vertical face.

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Rub of the Green: In case a ball is stopped or deflected incidentally an outside factor like a caddie or the likes, it is termed as the rub of the green. Flange is the thin strip of metal sitting along the ground.

One-Putt: Top hole the ball, when just a single or one putt is taken, it is called one putt.

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Downhill Lie: The angle which is caused by a golf ball placed on a sloping hill, mostly downward.

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Bore-Through: A bore through is termed to the situation where the shaft goes in the club head, penetrating till the sole of the club.

Green: Green is the completion of a golf hole, at the spot of the location of the flagstick and the cup. Here both the teams tee off and then the best drive is chosen, followed by alternate shot to the hole.

Waggle: You could call this as a warm up of sorts for the golf club. This golf club is located in Augusta, Georgia.

Hood – Hooded – Hooding the Club: This is a tricky one. This is for a right-handed golfer. It is really embarrassing for the golfer as it might appear that he or she does not know how to hit a golf ball.

Double Eagle: A score of three under par on any individual hole is called a double eagle in golf terminology.

Skymarks: Scratches developed on the finish of the crown of a driver as a result of hitting skyballs are called skymarks.

Lie Angle: The angle which is developed between the center of the shaft and the ground line of the club during the time when the club is soled in appropriate playing position, is the lie angle.

Track: The layout or the way the holes on the course are routed is called track. They are called counterparts on account of their loft and the purpose of swing they serve.

Postage stamp: A green having a particularly small surface are indicating or posing a demanding target.

Par or Out: A game where full handicaps are used involving golfers with low handicap is a par out. This is called appearances.

Divot: It refers to the scraping off the turf top as a result of shots from the fairway using an iron. Here the team handicap plays an important role.

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Ball Marker: This object is used to mark the spot where the ball is lifted on the putting green.

Line of Play: The direction a golfer wants his ball to travel and a distance good enough on both sides of that desired direction is called the line of play.

Thin or Thin Shot: Sometimes it happens that a ball is struck too high, near the midpoint or perhaps slightly lower.

Links: Links, although is a golf terminology used as an alternative to Golf course, it is a particular type of golf course, which is basically built along sea side. In this format, both players from each side tee off and then they exchange the golf balls. It is also a side bet where there is a competition involving groups of four, like in Foursomes or in a fourball.

Nearest Point of Relief: In the condition where there is an hurdle as a result of an immovable obstruction or abnormal ground conditions, the golfers are permitted to drop without penalty a distance equivalent to a club length of the nearest point of relief.

Mashie Niblick: It is a vintage or archaic term for a 7-iron- a type of golf club.

Pivot: During the swing the upper body of a golfer turns and coils a bit. It is also sometimes called ‘Acey Ducey’. Another meaning of Sandie means in a couple of strokes, a player gets out of the bunker in the hole. That means, he swung and it missed the ball. They specialize in great golf clubs, and their components.

Course Handicap: Number that tells golfers the number of strokes they are permitted to take during a handicap round.

Stroke: A swing, of any kind, accomplished with the purpose of striking the ball, getting it into play, is termed as stroke.

Hacker: Hacker is another name for duffer, although, hacker applies to an individual golfer as an insult. This is because the points are given on the basis of their scores in linkage with a fixed score at each hole.

Overall Weight: This, also called dead weight, refers to the total weight of the golf club.

Flatstick: It is a slang for putter as putter faces are supposed to be flat compared to other golf clubs.

Over Par: It denotes any score, be it for a completed round or for an individual hole, which is above the decided par for that round.

Golf Town: Golf town is a golf term which is used to describe retail outlets or cities which are very much into golf. The other meaning refers to the edge or rim of the hole or cup.

Pinehurst (Pinehurst System): This is the same as chapman system which is a 2-person golf tournament format. This prevents the chance for a golfer to putt out of the bunker. This is also a side bet in a competition of Three Ball.

Strike Three: This is a betting game or a tournament format. Here, every time, a hole is won by a player, the opponent has the chance to opt for a single club form his bag, which will lead to the elimination of that club from the course of play.

Backspin: When the ball rotates backward (towards the player)in flight along its horizontal axis, it is called the backspin.

Whack and Hack: Whack and Hack is a four-person teams’ tournament format. He indulges in inflation of his handicap index to enhance his possibilities of winning the bets or tournaments.

Sandie (Sandy): Making par on a hole where you were in a bunker refers to Sandie. It also has a few other specifications like the soil is sandy which is easily drained, rough featuring natural sea side grasses and so on.

Jack and Jill: This a type of golf tournament where one woman and one man are paired together to form a two person team.

Jail: It is the position of the ball where it cannot be struck or advanced. All scores on each of those three holes are tabulated and then that score is eliminated from the total score. Here, the golfer will putt out, culminating the end of the hole.

Below the Hole: Once the ball is on the green, below the hole describes the position of the golf ball in connection with the cup or hole.

Pin: This is a synonym for flagstick. With an amateur status, a player cannot get paid to endorse a product, does not accept appearance fees and does not accept prize money for being a part of a tournament.

Closest to the Pin: This contest is a regular and default contest when it comes to charity golf tournaments and events, corporate outings and amateur golf tournaments.

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Modified Pinehurst: It is a golf format for two player teams. Here the players have tee off and the best out of them is selected. That’s why probably it is a lateral water hazard.

Reverse Scramble: Scramble is a tournament format where the members of a team tee off and the best is chosen and then,the next shot is taken from that spot. Losses and wins add up very fast in this game so those whose pockets are full, prefer this betting game .

Overswing: This refers to a swing so hard that it affects the result in a negative manner.

Adjusted Gross Score: It is basically a golfer’s stroke round up, or total, with regards to a single round, after being counted for the optimum per-hole scores, as permitted by the United States Golf Association’s Equitable Stroke Control Guidelines.

Marshal: Just like we say marshaling the resources, marshal in golf is a person who manages the crowd and patrols a golf course, while keeping a steady pace of the play. It is basically par 3.

Army Golf: Army golf is a slang amongst the golf terms. It also includes all the trees for that particular hole.

Pull: A golf ball’s trajectory in which the ball initially moves towards left of the line of the target and goes on in the same direction, ending up on the left side of the target. This continues till the ball gets holed. The aim is to gain highest number of points in a round, but there is a catch. Basically it involves the use of string by players to get the ball out of the rough or a bunker.

Hog: This is a betting game, akin to Defender, but has an added twist.

Spade Mashie: A pre-20th century golf club, this is closely linked to today’s 6-irons.

Approach: A shot in the golf green from the fairway is referred to as approach.

Course Rating: Course rating is the evaluation of the difficulty level of the course for scratch golfers.

Green in Regulation (GIR): Amateurs and recreational players use this statistical method for rating their rounds.

Brassie: Brassie is the closest twentieth century counterpart to modern-day 2-woods.

Flange: This refers to a part of a clubhead jutting out from the rear. So in short it means the fairways and the rough.

Golf Terminology for Beginners

Lay Up: When a golfer opts to go for a shorter hit, to avoid a hazard or position the ball in a specific spot in spite of having the skill and capacity to hit full swing, it is a lay up.

Golf Buggy: This is the same as Buggy.

Advice: Well, this does not have any ‘golf’ connotation. For instance, ‘Kick Left’ or ‘Kick Right’.

Kickpoint: A point or spot along the length of the shaft, where it presents the maximum amount of bend when you pull the tip down. But in quota, the players begin with points matching their handicap.

Windcheater: A shot that is hardly affected by wind, as it has low ball flight and is penetrating.

Touch: The feel or the sensitivity towards golf shots and the overall flow of a golfer’s stroke play.

Flags: In flags, which is a competition format, golfers start their round with a certain number of strokes and then until they consume their strokes, they keep on playing.

Defender: Betting Game or points game in which a member of the group for each hole is labeled as the defender of that hole. This is called uphill lie.

Sod: It means the grass on the turf and the soil it is rooted in which can be planted as a separate piece on the golf course. The thumb of the lead hand ideally in this situation should fit snugly in the lifeline of the hand placed lower on the club. Then the ball is hit once again from the same spot. It is positioned so to face a player making an attempt to play out of the bunker onto the green or towards it.

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Tiger Tees: Tee boxes which are used in professional competitions are called tiger tees in slang terms.

Bingo Bango Bongo: This is one of the very common formats of the game and is a point based game. Vardon Overlap is interchangeably used with Vardon Grip.

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Aircraft Carrier: A long, flat and rectangular teeing ground, normally a few feet higher above the level of the turf around, is called an aircraft carrier. The value of ‘nasties’ is decided before the commencement of the round.

Rabbit: It is again, a side bet,named after the situation where someone runs ahead in a mile off the field, setting the pace. This is also called the skulled shot.

Open: As opposed to Invitational, this is a tournament where participants are not restricted to those who have not been invited.

Clubhouse: When the golfers arrive at the golf course, they first head to the club house which contains a small food and drink service.

Under Par: Under par simply means not up to the par. That is called pivot.

Three Club Monte: In a golf tournament where a golfer is allowed to use only three clubs during their round is Three Club Monte. Those putting greens with a lot of contour are called Contoured Greens.

Up and Down: When a golfer just takes a couple of strokes for holing the ball when starting off the green or in a greenside hazard, it is called Up and Down.

Trampoline Effect: This denotes the condition where a club’s face contributes force to the shot by bouncing back.

Skins/Skins Game: This stages players in a kind of match play where each hole is allotted a set value. Either it is a just-one-time bet while a round is going on or it could be an ongoing bet which will continue all throughout a round.

Hosel Rocket: A slang term for shank, hosel rocket is a kind of shot where the hosel is the point of contact between the golf ball and the golf club.

Blind Bogey: Blind Bogey is type of tournament format, where most commonly golfers are required to play 18 holes of stroke play.

Chip-in: A chip shot that ends up dropping in the hole is called a chip in.

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Step Aside Scramble: Florida scramble is also known as step aside. In other words, that one player plays against the other 3.

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Hook: Hook is the flight or trajectory of the ball which commences with the golf ball out to right before sharply curving to the left, while it misses its target to left.

Bunker: Filled in with sand, bunker is either a hole or depression and is categorized as a hazard.

Amateur status: Amateur status simply means that the player is a rookie and is yet to be a professional. It is the easiest golf bets and is all about how well do you know the game.

­The putting green beckons, you call your caddie, and off you go to tee for a par. This is best played by partners who have similar level of expertise or golfers who use full handicaps.

Country Club: Country club refers to a social and recreational facility, either private or semi private and has a golf course most of the time.

Shamble: A golf tournament which brings together aspects of scramble tournament format and strokeplay is called shamble.

Pitching Wedge: This refers to a lofted short iron, which in the order of golf clubs comes after 9-iron.

Disaster: It is a points game where the winner is the one who has collected the minimum points as points are given for bad shots.

Par: Basically, it is the standard number of scores which a scratch player is expected to finish a course or a hole.

Par is Your Partner: This refers to a rule or stipulation in tournament which restricts a team’s or player’s optimum score on every hole to a net par.

Scratch Golfer: A scratch golfer is the one who shoots par or better. In case of cities, the cities with a whole gamut of golf courses is a golf town.

These terms will help the beginners to know more on golf and will be a kind of beginners guide to golf.

Alternate Fairway: A golf hole offering two fairways is referred to as having an alternate fairway.

Cup: Simply put, it is a synonym for a hole on the putting green, where the golfer aims his ball at.

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Mashie: A pre 20th century golf club, with a wooden shaft closely similar to the contemporary 5-iron is a Mashie.

Center of Gravity: The point located in the head of the golf club, where it would be perfectly balanced is called the center of gravity.

Face Angle: Face angle is the angle of the face of the club head in relation to the target.

Facing: When there is a grassy incline, coming up out of the bunker in the green’s direction. ‘Away’ player plays first.

Ground Under Repair: This means exactly what it implies to be, that the ground is under repair by the maintenance crew.

Fairway: An area that usually runs between the tee box and green of a golf hole which is closely mowed. Ben Hogan is a golf hall of fame player.

Interlock or Interlocking Grip: This is a kind of golf grip where hands are locked together by locking or intertwining the little finger of the trailing hand with index finger of the top hand.

In the Bucket: Another name for Eliminator, it is a kind of best ball competition where in every fourth hole, one player’s score must count as the team score. Blast Out is another name for blast.

Upright: A steep or a very upright, vertical swing plane, lie angle or stance is referred to as upright.

Teeing Ground: The spot from where the golfers start playing for a hole, from where a golfer hits his tee shot or drive.

Birdie: Birdie is a score on an individual hole which is one stroke below par.

Square Face: The position of the clubface in relation to the line of target at the moment of contact where the club strikes the ball is called a square.

Divot Tool: It is the same as a ball mark tool.

Three Ball: Three Ball means that each player has two matches to play in a round of golf. Crowned green slopes down from its middle to its edges.

Flush: This is one of the golfing terms all the golfers yearn to hear. It starts moving in the left of the target, eventually bending very sharply back to the right of the particular target. Then the best of them is chosen. Honey pot refers to a tournament’s prize fund or bonus pool.

Punchbowl Green: A green below is fairway level surrounded by a mound, leading the golf balls to be funneled down to the putting surface is called punch bowl green.

Holed: This is the situation where the ball is at rest in the cup and it is below the lip of the hole. The pattern and shape of these dimples affects the flight of the ball.

Golf Club: It has the same meanings as club.

Open Club Face: When the club face is slightly in the clockwise direction inside the swing path, causing the ball to slice, it is called open clubface.

Chip or Chip Shot: Chip shot is played very close to the green and is normally within a few yards of the putting area. This is a spot on the green where a flagstick can be seen and the turf has been chipped off to prepare that hole or cup.

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Bridge: It is a golf game requiring accurate interpretation of your golf skills and limitations.

Unplayable Lie:This is a situation where the ball is in such a spot that a golfer decides that the existing spot where the ball is, it cannot be played.

Stadium Course: Stadium golf course or stadium course is a golf course built with one of its aims being to give golf fans great vantage points. In a scotch foursome, it might mean that the alternate shots are considered and carried over from a hole to another.

Florida Scramble: It is a variation of the original golf format scramble, where a player from each team sits out each shot.

Unplayable Lie: This is a situation where the ball is in such a spot that a golfer decides that the existing spot where the ball is, it cannot be played.

Yips: When the golfer is nervous or anxious, it leads to nervous twitching during putting stroke, leading to an inaccurate shot.

Offset: The distance from extreme front of the hosel to the extreme front part of the clubhead is the offset.

No Putts: No putts is a tournament format where the winner is decided by all strokes except for the putts.

The Tips: This is a slang term for championship tees or back tees on a particular golf course. In other sense, it is a synonym for Barkies or Woddies and Arnies.

Range Ball: Those balls which are used only on driving range, marked to distinguish them from the regular balls are called range balls.

Gorse: British links courses are often lined with this thick rough, often prickly and similar to shrubbery called Gorse.

Striping: Striping is nothing but the crisscross pattern of the blades of grass which are mowed in different directions by the course mowers.

Pop: A handicap stroke is called Pop sometimes.

Handicap Index: A numeral, to one decimal place, representing a golfer’s ability to score is called a handicap index.

Fringe: A closely mowed area surrounding the green and just off the putting surface is called the fringe. Then the ball is played from the spot it has come to rest, without any penalties.

Loft: Not to go too much into technicalities, loft provides you with a cue as to how high and how far will the golf ball go. Sometimes in abbreviated form, a municipal course is called Muni.

Par 3 Course: A course which just has par 3 holes and nothing else is a Par 3 course.

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Clubface: The clubface is the part of the golf club which strikes the golf ball at impact.

Wolfman: This is a betting game, akin to a few others like Hog, Defender and so on. These are a regular feature of links-category of golf courses.

Vardon Grip: This is another name for the overlapping grip. For some hooding the club entails pressing the hands forward,that leads to making the club face more upright, which is a way to de-loft the club. Here, the golfer will putt out, culminating the end of the hole.

Irons: One of the 3 subsets (woods, iron and putter) included in a full golf set, irons are clubs which are most used from the spot of the fairway. Four player teams play scramble, but the player whose ball is selected for both the shots, cannot play the next stroke.

Swingweight: This refers to the feel of the weight of a club when it is being swung.

Niblick: This is again an archaic golf terminology, denoting a 9-iron. The other meaning of lie is the number of strokes consumed by the golfer to get the ball in the position where it is at rest.

Winter Rules: This is nothing but synonym for preferred lies.

Line of Putt: After putting, a golfer expects the ball to travel on a particular path. At each hole, a golfer is competing with the other two.

Draw: It is the flight path of the ball where the ball gently curves right to left for a right-hander and vice versa for a left hander.

Low Putts: It is a popular side bet in addition to being a tournament format. Or sometimes it is so close to the ground that it appears that it has skimmed the ground.

Effective Playing Length: Effective playing length is the yardage of the golf course and the holes in it but it is adjusted for the terrain. The lower the handicap, the better a golfer. Am-Am simply means a game where there is a pair of a couple of amateurs- Am-Am, with ‘Am’ meaning short for amateur.

Carry: This refers to clearing off an obstacle off the golf course.

Las Vegas: No confusions here, this is not what you thought it is (were you thinking about casinos by any chance?). The male scratch golfer hits his tee shots an average of 250 yards and can reach a 470-yard hole in two shots. Basically a stadium golf course will have greens giving something like an amphitheater effect.

Round: Round refers to the completion of 18 holes of golf. The proper way to decide the hitting order has been prescribed in the rules of golf and golf etiquette. It is basically the angle where the face of the club is, in relation to a perfectly vertical face.

Foot Wedge: When a golfer cheats his way out of trouble using a club, it is in slang called foot wedge. It also involves pushing a putt to a direction or jerking the putt to a side.

Cross Bunker: This is a kind of a bunker which is positioned in such a way that it runs crossing the line of the play in the fairway.

Skyball: This is a mishit where the driver makes a contact with the teed ball on its crown or at the extreme top of its face. T and F are of special importance in this kind of a tournament.

Tap In: Tap is another name for ‘gimme’, which refers to a sure shot short putt.

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Flex: Flex is the rating of the ability of shaft to bend while the golf club is being swung.

Out: Out in golf terminology is another name for away.

Callaway System: A kind of golf format, Callaway system is used in events where in maximum golfers do not have real handicap indexes. Another meaning of divot is the chipped off area in the fairway, where the turf existed.

Appearances: The side teeing off first on each hole is considered to be an honor and there is a golf side bet according to these criteria. When used with regards to a PGA tour, sand save percentage, a statistical category implies to a player getting up and down out of a green side bunker.

Par: Basically, it is the standard number of scores which a scratch player is expected to finish a course or a hole.

Die in the Hole: This is one of the important golf words and phrases. In slang, it is called ‘club’.

Inside the Leather: This refers to a measurement employed to determine whether the putt is a gimmie. Front Nine is also referred to as Front Side.

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Lie: Lie refers, firstly to the stationary condition of a golf ball. Here an individual golfer or a team can compare scores on their scorecard, while choosing the lower of two scores, leading to 9-hole total score.

Round Robin: It denotes a game of golf played best when there are groups of four golfers. That is called arnie.

Flier Lie: When the lie of the ball is on fluffy grass, resulting the ball to pop up more quickly than anticipated, it is a flier lie.

Barranca: Barranca is a term used to describe a dry pitch, ravine or gully which is filled with rocks.

Uphill Lie: There are times when a ball stops moving on an uphill slope which is towards the target. Here, the members of each team play their individual golf ball for individual scores and two of those in combination make up the score of team on every hole.

Backweight: Any weight attached to the back of the head of golf club is referred to a back weight.

Split Fairway: A single fairway branching out in a couple of different fairways reaching and opening out in the same green is called a split fairway.

Club Face: The clubface is the part of the golf club which strikes the golf ball at impact.

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Golf Cart: This is a gas or electrically powered vehicle used to transport golfers and their golf bags on the golf course. ‘Back Side is another name for ‘Back Nine’.

Backspin: When the ball rotates backward (towards the player)in flight along its horizontal axis, it is called the backspin.

Nines: This is a points based competition played amongst players in group of fours. Pink Lady: Pink Lady is also known as Money Ball, Lone Ranger, Pink Ball or Yellow Ball. You had a great swing and you are elated. So he or she is ‘in the bucket.’

Hit It Flush: This is as same as Flush.

Hook: Hook is the flight or trajectory of the ball which commences with the golf ball out to right before sharply curving to the left, while it misses its target to left.

Dance Floor: This is a slang term for putting green. Like a golfer can say to another- ‘Your ball is on the dancing floor’.

Putting Cleek: It is primarily a golf club used for putting, which is either shallow faced lofted wooden club or narrow bladed iron clubs. A great ball striker is a golfer who is excellent at full swing.

Net/Net Score: A player’s gross score after the consideration of the respective golf course handicap is called net score.

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Divot: It refers to the scraping off the turf top as a result of shots from the fairway using an iron. Push is a ball flight which starts on the right of the line of the target and retains that direction straight ahead and winds up keeping the target well to the right, for a right-hander.

Medalist: To put it in least complex words, it means the winner of a medal play or stroke play in any golf tournament.

Undulation: The ups and downs and uneven contour in the ground, mainly with regards to putting green and fairways is called undulation.

Mulligan: Mulligan is nothing but a lunch ball with a different name. It is imperative for a golfer to be considered at his or her address to ensure that the club is grounded..

Belly Putter: This is a type of putter which has a longer shaft as compared to conventional putter.

Bramble: Again, a golf format, it involves golfers teeing off and ultimately the best of the shot or drive is selected.

Spring-Like Effect: This is an expression describing what is the subject of measurement in connection with coefficient of restitution.

Bogey: Bogey is a score of one or more on par over individual hole.

Captain’s Choice: This is just another name for golf tournament format called scramble.

Signature Hole: It is mostly a marketing gimmick used by golf courses to entice golfers. Golfers in this format are awarded points depending on their performance on each hole with the winner being the one having highest point total. The soil on the greens which has been compacted by the traffic of golfers, is opened up by punching of holes and removal of dirt.

Cut Line: The score indicating the point of division in a tournament between the golfers who will continue and those who will be cut from the field

Las Vegas Scramble: A modification of the original golf format scramble, Las Vegas Scramble uses a 6-sided die.

Break: The allusion to the amount the path of the ball curves when putt or, the level of curvature or slope of the greens is called ‘Break’.

Albatross: Three under par on any hole is called a double eagle in the USA. Albatross is the common British golf term for double eagle.. Mulligans, the plural is also a competition format for groups of golfers.

Loft: Not to go too much into technicalities, loft provides you with a cue as to how high and how far will the golf ball go. The golfer’s job is done post this situation.

Toe: The end of the clubhead which is the farthest from the shaft or the hosel or the neck is called the toe.

Driver: One of the standard golf clubs carried by golfers is the driver.

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Chicago: This is again a golf game format, based on beginning of rounds by golfers with negative points.

Lie: Lie refers, firstly to the stationary condition of a golf ball. The female scratch golfer can hit her tee shots an average of 210 yards and can reach a 400-yard hole in two shots”.

Inside Path: When inside the plane, the corresponding path of the club is referred to as inside path.

Flagstick: This is a stick having a flag and is used to mark the location of a hole.

Club: Golf club, the term is used to denote the tool used to strike the golf ball, or a golfing facility or golf course and finally an association or a group of golfers.

Pin High: The term describing the depth to which a golfer has placed his approach shot on the green is called pin high.

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Outside Path: Outside path is that path of the club when the golf club is outside the plane.

Fore: It is a warning call yelled by a golfer in case he or she hits an erratic shot, which could possibly land dangerously close to another player or a group of players.

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Irish Four Ball: Very well-known in Australia, Irish Four Ball has a team of golfers who play their ball throughout and use a Stableford or a Modified Stableford scoring system.

Powerball: Sometimes used a synonym for scramble, it actually refers to the fact that the tournament is a scramble, but with a twist.

Tee Time: The scheduled, decided time for a particular group or team to begin their round is referred to Tee Time.

Grass Bunker: This is a depression on the golf course which is filled up with grass instead of sand. The side to which the hole is cut on the green is the short side.

Red, White and Blue Tournament: This name of a golf tournament format makes an allusion to the color of tee markers. Disaster is another name for Trouble.

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Course: Of course, it is the golf course, but according to the technical definition, it also means the whole area where play is permitted. It is vice versa for a left hander.

Mashie Iron: Mashie Iron is an archaic phrase or golf word for a 4-iron.

Attack Wedge: Attack Wedge is the same as gap wedge or approach wedge. For a left-handed golfer, it will be the opposite.

Spoon: This is an antique term for lofted wood or 3-wood golf club.

Play It Again, Sam: This refers to another name for No Alibis were the initial handicaps are converted into mulligans. Then, out of them, the best is selected and the players carry on until the ball is holed.

Claret Jug: Trophy awarded to the winner of the British Open is the ‘Claret Jug’.

Tight Lie: A lie where the ball is in a place or spot where there is very little grass below the ball, or the ball is on bare dirt, is called a tight lie.

System 36: This is a single day handicapping method or rather system, resembling in character and operation to Callaway and Peoria. The bet is on the possibility that a competitor will three-putt a green.

Yellowsomes: Gruesomes is also called Yellowsomes sometimes, and it is 2-person team game which serves as a tournament format as well as a betting game.

Stop the Bleeding: If a player is playing in a pathetic manner with bad shots going all over the park, the golfer needs to hit a fantastic shot to get a grip on the game again. It is the exact and perfect contact between the club head and the golf ball, while the club is in full swing. Dick Chapman, one of the great amateur golfers, thought of this format at Pinehurst Resort, so the name.

Seve: A golfer wins a seve, which is a side bet, only after he accomplishes par by hitting into the incorrect fairway. This is a general understanding of the term, but it is also used as to refer to a game opposite of No Alibis.

Grass Club: It is the ‘by-gone era’ counterpart of the driver.

Splashies: This is a side bet which a golfer wins on accomplishing a par on hole even though he has hit it into water.

Address: When the stance is taken, the club is grounded and the position is taken by the golfer as he or she stands over the ball, it is called that he or she is at address. It refers to the golfer’s ability in full swing.

Q School: It is the Professional Golfers Association (PGA) Tour’s yearly qualifying tournament.

Skull or Skulled Shot: To skull the ball means to have the impact of the ball with the leading edge of the iron. This, however, has a twist. In case these conditions are having a negative impact on the ball, a player is entitled to relief.

Above the Hole: To describe the position of the golf ball in connection with the cup, or hole, when the ball is on the green, the golf phrase ‘above the hole’ is used.

Downswing: It is a part of the golf swing occurring between the end of the back swing and the point of connection with the golf ball.

Forced Carry: A situation which needs a golfer to hit his shot above a hazard to advance his ball is a forced carry.

Looping: The way the caddies use the word loop, to give a description of their circuit around a golf course is called looping.

Grain: On a golf course, the direction in which the grass, or to be specific every single blade of grass is growing is called the grain.

Aim: The correct position of shoulders, knees and hips, in alignment, in one direction and normally at 90 degree angle is termed as Aim.

Medal Play: A round of golf where the score is based on the number of strokes counted is called a medal play.

Torque: The resistance of a shaft towards twisting when a golf club is being swung is the torque.

Stymie: A vintage aspect of golf, which was a part of singles match play till 1952, after which it was removed from the Rules of Golf. It is also called a snapper, duck hook or snap hook.

Quail High: Quail high refers to a very low trajectory shot.

Ball in Play: This just means that the ball has not been holed and you are still having a go at it.

Drive: This is the very first shot on a hole which is hit from the teeing ground.

Hand Wedge: When a golfer breaks the rules by picking up the ball and moves it to a better spot for an easier next stroke, it is called a hand wedge. It then moves to the left of the target before gently turning or rather curving back towards right. Here, the low score is the ace and the person who wins it, gets a particular amount from the other three players. Dimples are indentations covering a golf ball. This could include golf tips and related things.

Gap Wedge: Gap wedge is a golf terminology for a golf club with high loft which provides more accuracy and variety when it comes to short shots.

Equitable Stroke Control: Equitable Stroke Control or ESC is a method for minimizing the effects of disaster holes on handicap indexes and this system is used by the USGA.

Uglies: It is a side bet played amongst a group of golfers and the value of the uglies is always pre-decided before the round. But advice which could prohibit other player’s choices is not allowed unless he or she is your partner.

Transition: The condition where a backswing is converted into a downswing, it is called Transition.

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Aces and Deuces: This is a betting game, best suited for groups of four golfers. It is also called the ‘Divot Tool’.

Work the Ball: In short, manipulating a ball, and to purposefully curve or shape a shot is called ‘to work the ball’.

Primary Rough: The most dense, the highest and most dangerous rough for a golfer is the primary rough.

Stance: Stance is the way the golfers stand or position their feet before they play a stroke.

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Ball Flight: It refers to the trajectory of a golf ball which has been struck and is in mid-air.

Best Ball: This is one of the most popular golf tournament formats, where the low score or the best hit of a team is considered to be its team score. In case the golfer has club using different colors, or gets more than 3 tee boxes, the golfer can consider it as Forward, Middle and Back Tournament.

Chapman System: Named after Dick Chapman, a great amateur golfer, this is basically a golf tournament format. It happens because the clubhead slips below the teed ball.

Triples: This is the name of the competition amongst players in teams of three. It works thus- after finishing a round, identify the 3 highest individual hole scores and then eliminate them. It is also called the flex point or bend point.

Quota Tournament: Quota Tournament is a game which has a structure similar to Chicago. The aim in Rabbit is to get the lowest possible score on a hole and the player then gets the honor post 9th and 18th holes.

Rainmaker: It means to strike a pop up or skying the ball.

Alignment: It is the position of the hips, shoulders and feet in a proper alignment with each other.

Dots: It is a well-known game of golf played between members of the same grouping. Interestingly, these are sold at a rate with a huge discount than the regular price of that brand.

Knockdown: A shot played mostly to control trajectory, spin and distance, but which is short of a full swing.

Square Club Face: When you say it is a square clubface, it means that the club face is in a position perpendicular to the swing path.

Shank: Mis-hit, which is so bad that the golfer makes the contact of the ball with any other part of a golf club other than the clubface.

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Pull: A golf ball’s trajectory in which the ball initially moves towards left of the line of the target and goes on in the same direction, ending up on the left side of the target. Then they select the better scores made on each hole and after adding up, whoever has the lowest score wins.

Shank: Mis-hit, which is so bad that the golfer makes the contact of the ball with any other part of a golf club other than the clubface.

Scramble: Primarily a very popular golf tournament format, scramble is played with either 4-person teams or 2-person teams. It also refers to the trajectory of a golf ball which has been struck and is in mid air.

Backswing: The beginning of the swing as the club moves away from the target.

Pull Hook: This is a ball flight in which the ball initially moves left of the target and curves and bends even sharply.

Putt for Dough: This is a points game which can be played within a foursome or it also refers to a side bet for a group of golfers.

Polee: Polee refers to a sidebet with different meanings. Well, that’s the magic of the game-The Game of Golf.

There are innumerable terms and phrases included in golf jargon, which everyone from Tiger Woods to Phil Mickelson to Jyoti Randhawa to any amateur golfer needs to know.

Nicklauses: Nicklauses is a side bet in which the long drive on each hole wons automatically, but the drive must be in the fairway.

Play Club: The vintage counterpart of the modern-day driver is the play club. The high score is the deuce here and the person staking it loses an amount of money to other three.

Reverse Overlap: The most used golf grip for putting which involves holding the club in such a way that the index finger of the top hand is on the top of the fingers of the bottom hand.

English: A betting game or a score-oriented competition played between groups of 3.

False Front: The part of the green which slopes downwards in the direction of the fairway is called the false front. However, this is different from the set of points than the rule book norms.

Cart Fee: Cart fee is the amount of fee paid by golfers to use the golf cart, charged by the golf course.

Switch: Switch as a tournament format has 2-person teams where the players switch balls after the tee shots. After you are done reading this, you will never be left wondering on the golf course.

Movable Obstruction: An obstruction which can be moved without a herculean effort, sans delaying the play unnecessarily or leading to a damage is called a movable obstruction.

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Play Through: When a faster group of players is given the permission to pass a slower group of players on golf course, it is called play through.

Cart Path: The designated route or the route exclusively to be followed by carts is the cart path.

KP: Well, there is no reason why closest to the pin is abbreviated as KP, but is just that.

Putter: A club which has a slight face or very little loft, is called a putter. Here, two-member teams hit the same ball alternately.

Crisscross: This serves as either a tournament format or a betting game. Here, points are given for an accomplishment out of five and in case a side sweeps all the points, they are said to have scored umbrella, with points being doubled.

Finishing Hole: It is the last hole a golfer will play in a round of golf.

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Push Slice: This is similar to push, where the ball starts moving right of the target and then bends or curves even more.

Whiff: Any golfer would be embarrassed with a whiff, which means that the golfer swung but to no avail. One of the golf side bets is also called honors.

Fairways & Greens: For groups of golfers who have similar handicaps, this is considered to be the best betting game.

Four Ball: This is played amongst two teams of two members, hence there are four balls played and better ball scoring is used to determine the players.

Invitational: Here, the golfers who are going to compete, be there on an invitation issued to them or they are automatically qualified for an invitation.

Split Tees: In the condition where half of the field in a golf tournament begins at the tee which is number 1 and the other half begins on the tee no.10.

Pitching Niblick: Primarily a historical golf club, with a short wooden shaft, which lead to it being an obvious choice for short approaches and chipping. It is generally in squares and rolls.

Alternate Tees: A golf hole is said to have alternate tees when there are two different sets of tee boxes built on that same hole.

Toe: The end of the clubhead which is the farthest from the shaft or the hosel or the neck is called the toe.

Big Dog: This is a slang for a ‘driver’.

LPGA: Established in 1950, Ladies Professional Golf Association (LPGA) is an organization which promotes women in professional golf.

Ball Mark: Also called the pitch mark, ball mark is the indentation made by a ball upon landing on the green.

Flier: A shot which travels a distance not needed, which often leads the golfer to overshoot the target considerably is called a flier.

Amen Corner: The mecca of golf lovers and golf players- Augusta National Golf Club has holes 11, 12 and 13. This is system basically for tournaments.

Sand Trap: A bunker filled with sand is called a sand trap in vernacular.

Hole: In very easy terms, hole is where the golfers aim to putt the golf ball. This is a must know amongst the terms in golf terms glossary.

Ball Striker: Each golfer is a ball striker. He also responds to a golfer’s queries.

Modified Stableford: A golf format, which is a modification of the original format called Stableford. It means the same as it generally means. This command is yelled by a golfer with regards to his golf ball in mid air. It is named after a renowned golf club designer, Ralph Maltby.

Maraging Steel: It is a type of steel alloy, (harder than normal steel) which is sometimes used to make irons.

Crown: The top surface of the clubhead, the part you can see when looking down at address, called the crown.

Knife: This is just another word for a one iron.

Bogey Rating: According to the United States Golf Association, bogey rating refers to the evaluation of difficulty level or rating of the golf course with regards to boogie golfers.

Golf Swing or Swing: Swing is to go through the stroke or a considerable jump in a score.

Ambrose Competition: Ambrose Competition is a golf tournament format where every player tees off, the best of them is selected. Hooding the club has two different meaning for different golfers. When a golf ball hits this area, it mostly rolls back down in the fairway, so it is called a false front.

Uneven Lie: When the ball is on an uneven slope and it is either above the feet or below it, it is called an uneven lie.

Honey Pot: If you do not this amongst the plethora of golf terms and definitions, you might just think of quitting the game. When on the tee, it is honors and if it is otherwise, its away.

Thirty-Two: A side bet for the golfers focusing on putting, with a challenge from a golfer to another for preventing a three-putt is called thirty two.

Overseeding: When the grass is laid on top of grasses already there, for encouraging new growth or for replacing the existing grass for a new season with a different strain, it is called overseeding.

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Condor: An extremely rare triple eagle is called a Condor.

Quit: In this shot, the golfer does not follow through totally with momentum, instead there is de-acceleration through impact.

First Cut: Grass that is just besides a closely mowed fairway is called the first cut.

Swing Speed: The speed of the swing of a golfer’s club which is defined by the speed of the club head at the point of impact with the ball.

Lag or Lag Putt: A putt which is meant to stop tantalizingly close to the hole but not expected to be holed is a lag putt.

Last Man Standing: This is another name for ‘Flags’ format, where the winner is the one who progresses farthest round the course by the time he or she finishes with their allotted quota of strokes.

Quacker: A shot curving abruptly and sharply from right to left with regards to a right-handed golfer

Golf Handicap & Course Management by Kevin Phillips

I hope you get my drift here because it’s an important part of managing your game.

And therein lies the problem most mid to high handicap golfers have, they are not playing their own game they are trying to play scratch golf. So every time you stand on that tee and think about making 4 you are making it harder for yourself. I asked him what’s wrong and he replied that they should dig up the 13th hole. I can never make a par there he says, it always messes up my scorecard along with a few other holes I could mention.

I know it goes against the grain but it will make each hole seem easier and allow you to play with more confidence and relax. Instead of getting out the driver on these tough longer holes and then messing up because you feel you must try to get a par, take clubs you are more confident with. So I asked Jim what do you think your par is for that hole? It’s a par 4 Kevin you know it is, he replied. In Jim’s case there is only one hole on the golf course that he is expected to par and that is stroke index 18 the easiest hole on the course. It is for me I said but what’s your par? He looked at me with a vacant stare so I proceeded to put him out of his misery.

What you should do is make out a personal scorecard relative to your handicap.

It’s a Sunday morning in the Pro Shop at my Golf Club and I am handing out scorecards for the weekly golf competition, when in walks Jim, a club member bemoaning his luck on the golf course. Now if you stood on that tee and said to yourself it’s a par 5 how would you feel then? I am sure you would be more relaxed and think that’s not hard I can do that, and that is exactly how you should approach every hole you play. . Draw up your own personal scorecard.. How much easier is that on the mind? With a nod of thanks and a gleam in his eye Jim wandered off to the bar to join his friends and have a well-earned drink.

This great game of golf is hard enough without putting undue pressure on yourself. Now you have your new way of thinking with regard to par you will be surprised at how much easier it is to play each individual golf hole. Think this way and you will be pleasantly surprised how many times you make an actual par, which in your case means … A par 4 on the course where you have a stroke means 3 shots to reach the green and 2 putts. BIRDIE ….

I finished off by saying to Jim think about your approach to the golf course now! Standing on par 3’s that now become par 4’s .. Look at each hole on your golf course in a different light. If your golf course has a par of 70 and your handicap is 15 then your par for the course is 85. Manage your own game better by thinking correctly and your course management will improve along with your enjoyment of the game. NOW !!

I knew Jim to have a mid to high handicap so I asked him exactly what it was he was playing off these days, I play off a 17 handicap he said. Just to put you in the picture The 13th Hole at our golf course is a 368yd par 4 with a stroke index of 2. This is where good course management and thinking comes in to play.

Your par for that hole is 5 not 4, with your handicap you can take a 5 and still not lose anything in relation to your handicap

Sports :: The NBA Final Picks

Many feel that the salary caps should be raised so that other teams can compete. No one yet knows who is going to win and the NBA picks are still too early to decide. Nothing is set in stone. Unless LeBron James is willing to go this route the Cavaliers may never win.

As it is still early yet anything could still happen. In a poll recently posed to fans 51 percent felt that the Lakers would win again in 2010. They can only do a trade to try and lower their salary budget to bring in fresh blood. Yet still others feel that the top league players should take a salary cut to gain additional players if they are truly serious about winning. The other time that happened was with the Chicago Bulls as Michael Jordan wanted to win so badly that he was willing to sacrifice his NBA salary since he was making more money in advertising endorsements. He is the franchise player that skipped college basketball because of the beauty of his playing abilities. Your underdog team could possibly get that NBA ring.

. Many people felt that Boston has a 24.3 percent chance to win it all in 2010.

Most of the teams that are in contention have franchise players and are at the salary cap so they will not have an opportunity to draft any really good players. Even as extraordinary as LeBron may be he cannot win the playoffs by himself.

Number 24 Kobe Bryant and the Los Angeles Lakers have the greatest odds to win. They have won a championship game in the past decade so they would need to have a few key players to step up to the plate to get to the playoffs. LeBron James leads this team. Do you have a favorite team that you are rooting for? Or maybe you just have a player that you like. Although Shaquille O’Neal is an experienced player with four championship wins Cleveland doesn’t have enough supporting players on the team to help them win. Boston used to be a powerhouse in the eighties and they may rise up yet again with the right people in place. Unless Kobe gets hurt or something unforeseen happens they should be one of the two teams vying for the title.

The other team that is on the watch list is the Boston Celtics. They are the returning champions and have won numerous titles, so they are really the team to watch. New players are too green to have an effect as it will take them a while to get trained and acclimated to professional basketball.

One of the other two contending teams that might have a shot is the Cleveland Cavaliers. Though many say that LeBron is still young and hasn’t fully matured enough to win even though he is a phenomenal player. The favored team could have a really bad year. Does your team have a shot at the next NBA Finals? Usually if the team was pretty good in the previous year they will have approximately the same performance unless major players are hurt, were traded or retired